2. Describe four modifications that can be made in regular classroom and/or ways special and general educators can collaborate to increase the academic achievement of students who are have Section 504 plans. .Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) 
EXAMPLE: The student does not meet eligibility requirements under IDEA as emotionally disturbed, learning disabled or other health impaired. A doctor regards the student as having ADD, and for purposes of this example, the disability limits the major life activity of learning. The student, because of his disability, is unable to participate in the school’s programs to the same degree as students without disabilities and therefore is substantially limited by the disability. 
Possible Accommodations and Services: 
 •Seat the student away from distractions and in close proximity to the teacher 
 •State classroom rules, post in an obvious location and enforce consistently 
 •Use simple, concise instructions with concrete steps 
 •Provide seating options 
 •Tolerate (understand the need) excessive movement 
 •Provide a peer tutor/helper 
 .Cerebral Palsy 
EXAMPLE: The student has serious difficulties with fine and gross motor skills. A wheelchair is used for mobility. For purposes of this example, the condition substantially limits the major life activity of walking. Cognitive skills are intact. . 
Possible Accommodations and Services: •Provide assistive technology devices 
 •Arrange for use of ramps and elevators 
 •Allow for extra time between classes 
 •Assist with carrying books, lunch trays, etc. 
 •Adapt physical education curriculum 
 •Provide for physical therapy as appropriate. Such therapy needs to relate directly to “life 
skills.” 
 .Asthma 
EXAMPLE: A student has been diagnosed as having severe asthma. The doctor has advised the student not to participate in physical activity outdoors. For purposes of this example, the disability limits the major life activity of breathing. 
Possible Accommodations and Services: 
 •Adapt activity level for recess, physical education, etc. 
 •Provide inhalant therapy assistance 
 •Train for proper dispensing of medications; monitor and/or distribute medications; 
monitor for side effects 
 .Diabetes 
EXAMPLE: A sixth grader with juvenile diabetes requires accommodation to maintain optimal blood sugar. His mom provides the crackers and juice to be used at “break” time and before physical education class. She asks that teachers remind him to eat at a certain time of the morning if he does not pay attention to the beeper on his watch. The youngster is very self sufficient; while he is able to monitor his own blood sugar now, he prefers to do this privately. Therefore, mom asks that the equipment and a notebook/log be stored in a nearby file cabinet and the youngster be allowed to go into the hall with the equipment to check his blood sugar twice a day. She also asks that his teacher allow him to use the bathroom as needed. . 
Possible Accommodations and Services: •Health care plan for management of condition in the school setting and in emergencies 
 •Educate staff to signs/symptoms of insulin reaction/hypoglycemia: hunger, shakiness, 
sweatiness, change in face color, disorientation, drowsiness 
 •Never leave the child alone if he/she is feeling poorly; walk to the office or clinic with the 
student.