1.(LC)Which pair correctly uses a hyphen? (5 points)Four-millionTwo-thousandOne-hundredThree-fifths2.(LC)Which pair correctly uses a hyphen? (5 points)Self-assuredSelf-ishSelf-lessSelf-lessness3.(MC)Read the sentence below and answer the following question:Had I right, for my own benefit, to inflict this curse upon everlasting generations?—Shelley, FrankensteinWhich of the following correctly describes the syntax of this excerpt? (5 points)Ending with the word generations emphasizes the narrator’s sense of importance.Placing the phrase had I right at the beginning of the sentence emphasizes the narrator’s doubt.Using the verb phrase to inflict emphasizes the painful nature of the narrator’s decision.Using the word curse suggests the narrator sees himself as more powerful than he is.4.(MC)Read the sentences below and answer the following question:Arthur gave Ande his two best drawings. She was the only one who had praised his ability.Which sentence below provides the best sentence variety using transition words? (5 points)Ande was the only one who had praised his ability, and Arthur gave her his two best drawings.Ande was the only one who had praised his ability, so Arthur gave her his two best drawings.Ande was the only one who had praised his ability; therefore, Arthur gave her his two best drawings.While Ande was the only one who had praised his ability, Arthur gave her his two best drawings.5.(LC)The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to express concern about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, the document that outlined the first government of the United States of America. Alexander Hamilton, among others, wrote the Federalist Papers to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to vote in favor of the stronger federal government proposed in the United States Constitution.Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:Federalist Papers: No. 1 General Introduction For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander HamiltonTo the People of the State of New York:AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.Based on this sentence from the first paragraph, how would Hamilton describe the current government? (5 points)AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America.ImportantUnrivaledUnnecessaryIneffective6.(LC)Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:Federalist Papers: No. 1 General Introduction For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander HamiltonTo the People of the State of New York:AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.According to Hamilton’s writing in the second paragraph, what is one reason the new Constitution would be opposed? (5 points)People are interested in everyone being granted equal status.The proposed changes would make it difficult to understand.Individuals who hold positions of importance do not want a stronger government.Too many positions will be open for leaders in the new government.7.(LC)Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:Federalist Papers: No. 1 General Introduction For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander HamiltonTo the People of the State of New York:AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.Which phrase from the first paragraph shows that Hamilton thinks the success of the government created by the United States will impact other governments in the future? (5 points)AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution…… The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION ……it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country… to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government……the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world…8.(HC)Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:Federalist Papers: No. 1 General Introduction For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander HamiltonIt is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable—the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.Which of the following correctly summarizes the main point of this text from the excerpt? (5 points)Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties.Without these calls for moderation, we would be at the mercy of intolerant political parties.In the big picture, politics have earned a much-deserved bad reputation for disagreement.Maintaining the current attitudes for negotiation will only get us so far.Suggesting reformers be fair will be as successful as suggesting politicians get along.9.(MC)Lauren has found the following information during the research process for her informative paper: A map of lightning strikes in three neighboring states over the last 5 yearsA scientific description of the conditions in which lightning developsAn eye-witness account of a lightning strikeA detailed account of a day in the life of a storm chaserWhat is the most useful next step in the writing process for Lauren? (5 points) Conduct her own study of nearby lightning strikes.Develop an organizational plan for these details.Determine how these sources relate to one another.Write an introduction and conclusion for her paper.10.(MC)Which of the following would be most reliable source for a research paper explaining the causes for whale and dolphin strandings during the summer? (5 points)A published article written by a person who worked on a fishing vessel for 20 yearsA newspaper editorial discussing the consequences of ocean pollution for wildlifeAn article from Scientific American magazine explaining new findings from recent studiesAn interview with a person who saw whales stranding themselves on a local beach11.(LC)Read these two sentences: I can see the point of those who argue that space projects should be a national priority.I also see the problem with spending millions with so many other social problems that need solving.Which transition word correctly links the two sentences? (5 points) ConsequentlyConverselySpecificallyRegardless12.(MC)A student is concluding an informative essay about the legacy of Rosa Parks. Which of the following would best conclude that essay? (5 points)She had a long and interesting childhood, met many famous people, and will continue to be a figure worthy of our attention.She led the country where others feared to lead, changing the course of history and empowering the weak during a time of dire need.The President recently revealed and dedicated a statue to the legacy of this great woman.Though she is now quite elderly and is not as well-known, school children still learn about her.13.(MC)A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:Pets AND diet NOT birdsWhich of the following best describes the likely results of this search? (5 points)Sources that reference the diet of pets and birdsSources that reference the diet of birds onlySources that reference the diet of either pets or birdsSources that reference the diet of pets but not birds14.(MC)A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:Baseball AND history NOT semi-professionalWhich of the following best describes the likely results of this search? (5 points)Sources that reference only general baseball history and exclude semi-professionalsSources that reference only semi-professionals and history but not baseball in generalSources that reference semi-professional baseball and historySources that reference semi-professional baseball only and not history15.(MC)Which source would provide credible information about early efforts to stop elephant poaching? (5 points)A recent news article in National Geographic magazineA YouTube video interview with a park ranger in KenyaA book published in 1970 by a soldier trained to protect elephantsAn editorial article on nationalparkstraveler.com16.(MC)Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:Federalist Papers: No. 1 General Introduction For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander HamiltonThis idea will add the inducements of philanthropy to those of patriotism, to heighten the solicitude which all considerate and good men must feel for the event. Happy will it be if our choice should be directed by a judicious estimate of our true interests, unperplexed and unbiased by considerations not connected with the public good. But this is a thing more ardently to be wished than seriously to be expected. The plan offered to our deliberations affects too many particular interests, innovates upon too many local institutions, not to involve in its discussion a variety of objects foreign to its merits, and of views, passions and prejudices little favorable to the discovery of truth.Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt? (5 points)The plan offered to our deliberations affects too many particular interests, innovates upon too many local institutions, not to involve in its discussion a variety of objects foreign to its merits…Hamilton feared the focus on regional interests would undermine the process of honest reform.Hamilton would have replaced all those who participated in the first reform efforts if he could have.Hamilton wanted to undermine the actors in the reform process, despite their good intentions.Those involved in past reform efforts were completely motivated by personal gain.17.(MC)Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:Federalist Papers: No. 1 General Introduction For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander HamiltonAmong the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt? (5 points)Among the most formidable of the obstacles… may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power …they hold under the State establishments…Hamilton believed the best members of the committee to write the new Constitution had left for personal gain.Hamilton feared that those tasked with creating the new Constitution would oppose reforms that limited their power.Hamilton felt the obstacles facing the new Constitution would be too much to overcome.Hamilton had few fears regarding those who were tasked with implementing the new Constitution.18.(LC)Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:This is an indictment in three counts. The first charges a conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act of June 15, 1917, by causing and attempting to cause insubordination, in the military and naval forces of the United States, and to obstruct the recruiting and enlistment service of the United States, when the United States was at war with the German Empire, to-wit, that the defendant willfully conspired to have printed and circulated to men who had been called and accepted for military service under the Act of May 18, 1917, a document set forth and alleged to be calculated to cause such insubordination and obstruction. The count alleges overt acts in pursuance of the conspiracy, ending in the distribution of the document set forth. The second count alleges a conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States, to-wit, to use the mails for the transmission of matter declared to be non-mailable by title 12, 2, of the Act of June 15, 1917, to-wit, the above mentioned document, with an averment of the same overt acts. The third count charges an unlawful use of the mails for the transmission of the same matter and otherwise as above. The defendants were found guilty on all the counts. They set up the First Amendment to the Constitution forbidding Congress to make any law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, and bringing the case here on that ground have argued some other points also of which we must dispose. According to the bolded lines, what is one reason for Schenck’s indictment? (5 points)He helped organize a mail campaign for the military.He tried to send something through the mail illegally.He tried to encourage men to sign up for enlistment.He tried to join the United States Navy.19.(LC)Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.Which of the following is a statement supported by the protest document? (5 points)Deny or disparage rightsSupport an infamous conspiracySilently consent to the conscriptionDo not submit to intimidation20.(LC)Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.According to the protest document, what violates the Constitution? (5 points)Failure to consent to conscriptionConfining oneself to peaceful measuresPetitioning for a repeal of the conscription actFailure to assert and support your rights