Answer the 3 questions below and reply to each student.Student Reply must be over 200 words.Make sure all student replies you start it with Hello (Student Name),Question 1: Supporting an autonomous and positive face can be challenging. There are times when an autonomous and positive face can create conflict. Provide an example of a time that this has happened to you or someone you know in your professional and personal experience. What did you do to resolve the issues of autonomous and positive face? Are the strategies you used for each different? Student Reply 1: Ashley PriceAlthough I enjoy the admiration and value when I experience my positive face needs from my peers or family, it can also be a feeling of overwhelm. There was a time when I was challenging to balance my autonomous and positive face needs when a friend of mine you always sought after me whenever she had run into an issue that she did not want to deal with herself. She would always express to me how smart and patient I was, and how she appreciated that. Although I respected the way how she expressed her admiration towards me it also became overwhelming, the text states one person’s positive face management may produce autonomous face conflict in another. One may want others to communicate support of her or his positive face by expressing admiration for that person, spending time with that person, and so on, but by doing so, one can encroach on the person’s autonomy ( Cahn & Abigail, 2014). I would constantly receive back to back calls for help and a substantial amount of text message whenever I didn’t answer my phone, this is when my autonomous face became threatened. This began to take up a lot of my time as I noticed the more, I continued to cater to her needs, the more inconsiderate she became with my time and patience. In this situation I tried to use face management strategies by correctly and appropriately addressing the situation. I did this by first explaining to her that I appreciate her gratitude for my help but I am extremely busy with school, work and family so I am not always able to constantly spend long periods of time with conversations on the phone or available to always respond quickly to her calls and text.A professional experience was when I was constantly spending extra hours after work because of my supervisors inconsistently to give me paperwork and assignments in a timely manner. At the end of the work day I would drop off my assignments and he would ask for help on finishing up other work that he would never get to me on time. This became an issue because I could never leave from work on time and was never compensated for extra time spent after work hours. To support my autonomous face to be recognized for my hard work without being compensated I bought to his attention that I am spending a significant amount of time after work but would appreciate compensation for my time, or to either be given assignments earlier rather than on a deadline.For both experiences, my approach was likely the same. As I was able to use assertive communication skills in an appropriate manner which is the ability to effectively communicate our own thoughts, feelings, and interest.Reference:Cahn, D. D., & Abigail, R. A. (2014). Managing conflict through communication (5th ed.) [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/Student Reply2: Shannon EagleDuring my recent deployment, the autonomous face and positive face created conflict between myself and my roommate. Living in a small-sized container left little to no privacy or alone time. Being a very independent, private person and her being a very co-dependent individual added much strain to our cohabitation. The whole process of traveling from the States to another country meant we had to be surrounded by 3,000 troops and by the time we finally settled in, I needed some time to myself to take in the stress and start learning to adapt to my new living conditions. “While each of us enjoys the company of our loved ones, family, and friends, there are times when we respond to autonomous face needs and want to engage in a creative activity (writing, painting), spend some time in reflection (walking or sitting and thinking), prepare for a big event (get our act together), contribute to some large project, or simply rest after a lot of socializing” (Cahn & Abigail, 2014). I needed a break and she needed to be with me. The autonomous face management that I tried to obtain was putting my own needs aside and did not leave her to be alone. Internally, I was struggling and my desire to just be alone was wearing on me. After a month of accommodating to her needs, I had to draw the line. In return, she told me she felt rejected and I was left feeling terrible. So, I had to make a choice. I knew I could continue to give her all my time and be miserable or I had re-evealute my living situation. I made the decision to move out and in with another female. For months she would not speak to me and word got out that I basically abandoned her. It was a troubling time. Even though I had made many attempts to talk with her about me need of personal space, she took it as rejection. I tried working with her using the positive face but we could not reach a mutual ground. The last few months of deployments we did not speak and even till this day she wants nothing to do with me. I think back and wonder what I could have done differently but she was just too needy for me and once I got away from her, I felt so much better. Sadly, I hurt her but I learned that I cannot just stay in a situation to make someone else happy, especially if it is at the expense of my own happiness.In my personal life, the autonomous and positive face has been a constant battle. In an intimate relationship I need to be with someone who understand and accepts my need to have my own space. I try to be as team in my relationships and I do value the other persons feelings and needs therefore I tend to try more to be less independent and give more of my time. In my marriage, my husband requires a lot attention and does not need as much time alone as I do. According to Cahn & Abigail, 2014, his positive face is supported by my desire to spend time with him, and my autonomous face is threatened by his need for too much of my time.Reference:Cahn, D. D., & Abigail, R. A. (2014). Managing conflict through communication (5th ed.) [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/Question 2: Forgiveness can be an integral part in conflict resolution and even a strong factor in psychological and physical health. Some philosophers state that forgiveness is a gift to the person doing the forgiving, not necessarily for the forgiven. In a minimum of 250 words, discuss whether you agree or disagree with this statement? Should forgiveness and reconciliation be the ultimate goal for all conflict resolution? Support your answer with appropriate resources. Student Reply 1: Cindy ClementI agree with the statement that forgiveness is gift for the forgiver as much as it is for the forgiven. However, I also believe that forgiveness is one of the most difficult things for people to do. When someone has been wronged, it is most people’s inclination to stay in that state. However, lack of forgiveness creates a stress state and is bad for your health. Numerous papers written on the effects of forgiveness and health have all concluded that forgiveness is positively associated with health (Lawler, 2005, p.157). In addition to the physical health benefits of forgiveness, there are mental health benefits to forgiveness. Cahn (2014) tells us that “most writers in the area of forgiveness have argued that holding onto grief and hurt is psychologically unhealthy” (pg. 9.2). Forgiving is clearly a path to better health.However, reconciliation is a different matter. We have learned that forgiveness is a cognitive process. Reconciliation differs in that it is a behavioral process where action is taken in an attempt to restore the relationship or create a new one following the conflict (Cahn, 2014). These processes are very different and you can have one without the other. Reconciliation is not always feasible or practical in all situations. If you take the situation of one spouse physically abusing the other. It would be good for the abused person to forgive the abuser. But reconciliation may not be the best option if the abuser has not dealt appropriately with their anger issues that triggered the violent behavior. This would put the abused person back in danger. They can, however, decide to forgive that person for the wrong-doing which would release them both from the cycle of conflict and help healing to occur for both individual.References Cahn, D. D., & Abigail, R. A. (2014). Managing conflict through communication (5th ed.) [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Lawler, K., Younger, J., Piferi, R., Jobe, R., Edmondson, K., Jones, W. (2005). The Unique Effects of Forgiveness on Health: An Exploration of Pathways. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 28, No. 2 Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10865-0… (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Student Reply 2:David HillenWeek 4-Discussion 2.When it comes to conflicts, forgiveness is something that almost certainly needs to occur for the individual to live a productive life. The statement of forgiveness is a gift to the person doing the forgiving, not necessarily for the forgiven is a valid statement in my eyes. As the text states: “We forgive because it is better for us and better for the other person. We forgive because we want to act freely again, not react out of past pain.” (Cahn, Abigail, 2014. P. 9.1) What this means specifically is that forgiveness is not necessarily to let the other party have the means to perform an act of dishonesty or what have you, but to keep ourselves as individuals mentally stable to live our lives. Conflicts constantly occur and in the overall aspect of scenarios what do we have the most control over? Ourselves and our own acts. To be able to resolve a conflict may not even involve the other individual performing some sort of act or change of mentality, but to forgive as an individual for our own mental stability and heath. If one is to dwell on a situation this can cause distress and depression, while the other party may be just fine mentally. The outcome we allow ourselves to control based on the circumstance and it take a strong-willed person to forgive. I agree strongly with the statement: “Forgiveness does not obligate us to reconciliation.” (Cahn, Abigail, 2014. P. 9.1). If there has been a terrible act or statement that does not warrant reconciliation, I feel this is warranted but forgiveness is based on our own mental stability. Just because you forgive an individual does not mean reconciliation of said relationship needs to be rekindled. This is simply you are not letting your own personal happiness be affected by this act and are willing to move on past it and not let it hamper you from being able to live your life. I have established a mind frame, for my own personal reasons, to live one day at a time. For one individual to control my emotions and mental stability more so than another I feel is giving said person too much control of my own life. I move on past situations with forgiveness due to the mind frame of the big picture, is this worth my time outside of a conversation or goal? It is not, and forgiveness is something the individual can learn to implement based on only you as the individual can determine what allows to break us down emotionally, physically and mentally. If said person we forgive continues to derail others in the same manner, our own health does not need to be affected based on we made peace with our scenario and moved on. This actually makes me feel bad for certain individuals who continue to wrong others when they have been forgiven. That is on that individual because in the end, all we can do is control our own actions in a conflict situation. Forgiveness allows us to have a gift of health, mental stability and peace knowing we will not allow conflicts to control us personally. ReferencesCahn, D. D., & Abigail, R. A. (2014). Managing conflict through communication (5th ed.) [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/Question 3:Write a paper that compares mediation and arbitration by explaining the function, role, and effectiveness of each in resolving conflicts. Further compare the two conflict resolution methods by discussing the types of disputes that can be utilized by mediation and arbitration, and include examples. Finally, explain the drawbacks to using each conflict resolution method. As part of this assignment, you must also visit the American Arbitration Association (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. website and explain what this organization does. Examine how the AAA could be used either in your current career, or in a career that you seek to pursue.The paper must be three to five pages in length (excluding the title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least two scholarly resources (at least one of which can be found in the Ashford University Library) other than the textbook to support your claims and sub claims. Cite your resources in text and on the reference page. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..