Discussion Board Question Unit I BCJ3301 Think of three separate laws that have affected you in the past 24 hours. Find descriptions of these laws from a newspaper or the Internet, and post your answers to the following questions: Why were these laws passed?How are they enforced?Do you believe they are a good idea? Explain. Find at least two students who have been affected by different laws from you, and address the following: Would that law affect you in the same way? Why, or why not?What changes would you make to that law?If you were able to make this change to the law, how might it affect the court system? Unit II Discussion Board Question BCJ 3301 Utilizing appropriate internet sources, research and provide a summary of a recent court case which was decided in your city or state. What was the outcome? Do you agree? Why, or why not? Unit I Assesment Questions BCJ 3301 Question 1 Which of the following is NOT one of the three main functions of the court? Resolving disputes Creating public safety programs Protecting individuals Upholding the law Question 2 Which doctrine requires that a crime must be committed in order to hold someone liable for it? Corpus delicti Actus reus Habeas corpus Mens rea Question 3 The right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures falls under the __________ Amendment. Second Fourth Tenth Eighth Question 4 Which system blurs the lines between federal and state power? Law of Succession Incorporation Tort law Cooperative federalism Question 5 A fact assumed to be true under the law is a: stare decisis. precedent. presumption. social norm. Question 6 Define and differentiate property law, tort law, family law, contract law, and criminal law. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. Question 7 Clarify and explain the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14th Amendments, and discuss their relationship to our constitutional rights as they relate to the court system. Your response should be at least 500 words in length. Unit II Assesment Questons BCJ 3301 Question 1 What have been the recent developments in state courts? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. Question 2 How did the federal courts develop historically? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. Question 3. How do drug courts operate, and what are some common features of these courts? Your response should be at least 200 words in length. I have to comment on 2 of my classmates Discussion Board Question 1st I am constantly affected by different laws, especially when being exposed to people who break laws constantly. The laws that have affected me in the past 24 hours has been D.U.I, Ga Hands Free, and driving over the posted speed limit. As a law enforcement officer, I am always conscious of different laws in my every day activities, although I make a conscious decision not break the law, I am upheld to upholding and enforcing the law. Just hours prior to writing this very sentence, I worked an auto collision that was a result from drinking while driving, speeding and violating Ga Hands Free Law. Laws are passed for several reasons, and one particular- reason the laws I have listed were passed was to SAVE LIVES. It’s two choices people can make, GOOD ONES AND BAD ONES, and getting behind the wheel of a vehicle is a bad one, especially with so many options out there for you to get home safety. (UBER, TAXI, LYFT, FAMILY and FRIENDS) Driving under the influence and speeding is very dangerous and driving under the influence speeding and texting while driving is in my opinion insane. A good way to enforce the listed laws is to be proactive, road safety checks, enforcement banners/billboards, POLICE VISIBILTY. D.U.I law was passed to prohibit drivers from operating a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 percent or above, which is the standard limit throughout the U.S. The state of Ga has strict laws for drunk driving and when you drink and drive you risk your freedom, finances and future. Ga Hands Free Law was passed so that drivers could no longer use their cellphones while in operation of a motor vehicle. The reason this law was passed was to reduce the number of fatalities. This law states all contact with the cellphone, even if you are just holding it in your hand, it’s considered distractive driving. Speeding law was passed to reduce the amount of fatalities on the roadway. A good way to enforce speeding is POLICE VISIBILITY, running radar, laser devices, portable radar speed signs, etc. By doing so, it reinforces speed limit awareness by alerting drivers of excessive speeds. 2nd In the past 24 hours, I was affected by the following three separate laws: Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, which ensures that foods are safe, pure, wholesome, and made under sanitary conditions; that drugs are safe and effective for intended use; that cosmetics are safe and prepared from appropriate ingredients. This law is enforced by the FDA through random food, drug, and cosmetic inspections as well as through ensuring that products are informatively labeled and packaged. I believe this law is certainly a good idea as it protects the health and wellbeing of the consumer.Clean Air Act of 1969, which provides for fuel/vehicle research to eliminate air pollution. This law is enforced through vehicle smog inspections and may vary among different counties and states based on population and air pollution levels. This law is a good idea as it protects the public health and addresses the welfare risks posed by certain widespread air pollutants.Toy Safety Act of 1969, which protects children from hazardous toys due to presence of electrical, mechanical or thermal hazards. The main portion of the Act, which covers toys or games for children who are at least 3, requires labeling identifying possible choking hazards. This law is a good idea because children are the most prone population to injury, considering they have not had the knowledge or life experiences necessary to understand why something may harm them, and this law protects them. These 2 also go along with the very first question as well BCJ 1100 Unit I Discussion Board Question PART 2: The scientific method allows us to answer questions about the natural world by observing, predicting, testing and drawing conclusions. If you were reading a magazine and saw a new “fat burning pill” that promises you can eat anything you want and still lose weight, what are some specifics that you would look for to see if you should by this product? And I have to comment on one of my classmates Discussion board Question and this is what it is Everyone wants to lose weight, look better, feel better and become healthier, including myself. We see advertisements practically every where advertising the body that we all want, at the simple fix of a pill. Some companies go as far as claiming there has been extensive scientific research. Unfortunately, some tend to fall victim because no one wants to put forth the effort and make the lifestyle changes needed to lose weight and become healthier. I personally feel, if it is too good to be true, then it is. A lot of the times the instructions still advise exercise and diet changes to see best results. The specifics that I would look for is, is it FDA approved? What are the ingredients? Any possible side effects? I would also consider having my physician give his professional opinion before consuming. BCJ 1100 Unit II Discussion Board question Recent estimates suggest that 70% of processed food in the US contains genetically modified ingredients, largely from genetically modified soy beans. Unlike many other countries, the US doesn’t require food to be labelled as containing genetically modified ingredients. Should we be concerned about eating food processed from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or is this concern unfounded? Besides possible food issues, are there any other potential problems that GMOs might cause? Assesment Question Unit II BCJ 1100 1. What is the cause of about one-third of all cancer deaths? Smoking tobacco Exposure to viruses Exposure to ultraviolet light Exposure to high-energy radiation 2. Which of these conditions is caused by nondisjunction of autosomal chromosomes? XO-Turner syndrome Trisomy 21-Down syndrome XXY-Kleinfelter syndrome Trisomy X-Meta female 3. Which of the following pairs of people would provide the most useful information to geneticists, regarding the heritability of a certain trait? non-twin siblings separated into different households soon after birth monozygotic twins separated into different households soon after birth non-twin siblings raised in the same household since birth monozygotic twins raised in the same household since birth 4. What can be concluded about the ability of doctorate-category sperm to help produce children that are smarter than average? Because intelligence has no genetic basis, there is no real reason to expect children produced by this type of sperm to be smarter than average. Children produced by this type of sperm have an approximately 72% chance of being more intelligent than average. There is currently no way to predict whether children produced by this type of sperm will be smarter than average. Children produced by this type of sperm will be smarter than average only if the mother has a high IQ. 5. DNA is double stranded and similar in structure to a twisted rope latter composed of nitrogenous bases paired with hydrogen bonds in what order? Adenine and cytosine, thymine and guanine Adenine and thymine, guanine and cytosine DNA replication and DNA polymerase Sister chromatids and centromere 6. Match the following term to its definition. Alleles Genes Crossing over Meiosis Mitosis Segregation Quantitative traits A. Small segments of DNA that code for proteins B. Physical traits C. Sex cells D. Traits with a wide range of phenotypes like eye color, height, and intelligence E. Alternate forms of genes F. Results in a reduced number of chromosomes G. Results in two identical daughter cells H. The separation of a pair of alleles I. Occurs during prophase I of Meiosis I J. Sex organs 7. Assume the gene for freckles is recessive (f). A woman without freckles has a son that does have freckles. Give an explanation of how this could happen. Include the genotype of the child, the mother, and possible genotypes of the father. 8. Assume that sickle cell disease only affects homozygous recessive individuals. If one parent is a carrier and the other parent has sickle cell disease, what are the chances of the offspring having sickle cell disease? Unit I Assesment question BCJ 1100 1. When a sodium atom gives up an electron to a chlorine atom, what type of bond is formed? Ionic Covalent Hydrogen Polar 2. Which of the following statements is an example of anecdotal evidence? Dr. Chowdury’s research on bowel disorders, which was published in a scientific journal Dr. Jackson’s statement in his infomercial that “I believe my personal cure for bowel disorders is more effective than any drug I’ve ever prescribed in 20 years of practicing medicine.” Information about side effects on the label of a bowel disorder drug An article on bowel disorders on a medical website 3. Sally is trying to eat healthier and watch her intake of saturated fats. Which of the following oils would be the best choice for Sally to use when she cooks? Lard Olive oil Bacon grease Butter 4. Nonliving things include fire, water, and viruses. Many features of living things are also found in nonliving things. Of the following features, which is most likely to be ABSENT in nonliving things? Consumption of energy-containing molecules Response to external stimuli Homeostasis Reproduction 5. An atom will be least likely to form chemical bonds with other atoms when: the number of protons equals the number of electrons. the number of protons equals the number of neutrons. there is only one electron in the valence shell. the valence shell is full of electrons. 6. Match the following term to its definition. Primary Source Protons Amino acids Carbohydrates Nucleic acids Prokaryotic Plasma membrane Mitochondria Ribosomes Diffusion Active transport Cellular respiration Fermentation Diabetes HDL A. The process of converting energy in food to usable energy for cells B. Movement of water across a membrane C. The site of protein synthesis D. Cells that do not contain a nucleus E. The net movement of molecules down a concentration gradient F. Carbohydrate metabolism disorder G. Building blocks of proteins H. Special fats containing more protein than cholesterol I. Positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom J. Energy transformation resulting in alcohol, cheese, and yogurt K. The major source of energy for animals L. The outer boundary of cells M. Composed of nucleotides forming RNA and DNA N. Organelle where the citric acid cycle and electron transport occur O. Published material written by the actual researcher P. Movement of molecules across a membrane powered by ATP UNIT I HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT BCJ 1100 Unit I Homework Nutritional Analysis Worksheet Introduction In Chapters 3 and 4 of the textbook, you learned that the body needs various macro and micronutrients in order to function properly. You also learned about cellular metabolism and what the human body uses as a fuel source. This all seems simple at first glance; however, it can be difficult to determine whether we are getting what our body needs. Even when we know what our body needs, it becomes even more difficult to make sure we are supplying our body with those needs. The car you drive probably requires gasoline in order to function properly. When you need to go somewhere, you make sure you have enough gasoline in the tank to reach your destination. If you do not, you probably stop at a gas station and fill your car’s tank with gas. You do not pour cola in the tank or jelly donuts; you put gas because that is what it needs. Why do we put cola and jelly donuts in our bodies when we do not need them? Often, it is difficult to determine what is in the foods that we eat. Sometimes it is hard to determine if the food contains the correct nutrients or processed foods that our body does not need. This lab exercise will help you learn how to read nutritional labels and determine what your body needs to function properly. Objectives Analyze nutritional information based on what the body needs to function properly.Calculate BMI and learn about caloric balance. Materials You will not need any extra materials other than your textbook and your computer (with internet access) to complete this lab. Directions Type or paste all answers directly on this data sheet.Use the following nutritional label and answer the questions that follow. You may use your textbook as a resource when comparing the two products.Select Save As, and save this document using your last name and student ID as the file name.Upload the data sheet as a .doc, .docx, or .rtf file when you are finished. Product A Product B Serving Size 1oz 1.5oz Servings Per Container 1 1 Calories 150 165 Saturated Fat 3g 1g Trans Fat 0g 0g Cholesterol 3mg 1mg Sodium 250mg 225mg Fiber 1g 3g Sugars 3g 1g Protein 1g 4g Vitamin A 35% 30% Calcium 15% 25% Vitamin C 100% 100% Vitamin D 30% 30% Main Ingredients Milk, potato, vegetable oil, salt, sugar, processed wheat flour Water, nonfat milk, whole corn, vegetable oil, whole wheat flour, rice flour, whole oat flour Questions 1 – 5 are short answer questions. Answer each question in the space provided. Question 6 is a short essay. Total: 40 points Which product contains the most calories per serving? (6 points)Which product contains the largest serving size? (6 points)Which product contains the most calories per ounce? (6 points)Which product contains the most nutrients that are not as healthy for the body in large amounts?Which product is a healthier choice? (6 points)Explain why you picked the product that you did in question 5. Your answer should be in paragraph format and should be at least 100 words in length. Type your answer directly below. (6 points) (10 points) Determine your BMI The point of this exercise is for the student to become familiar with his or her own score using a very common biometric indicator. Conduct the exercise using your own data. However, if you do not wish to disclose your own data, then conduct it again with reasonable fictitious data and report that. Questions 1–4 below are short answer questions. Answer each question in the space provided. Total: 20 points What is your height? ft inWhat is your weight? Lbs (5 points)I weigh 177 height 5’1What is your BMI? What recommendations are listed? (5 points)What is the caloric balance equation? (5 points)Do you think you are in caloric balance? What are the recommended physical activity levels? (5 points) Click here to access the adult BMI calculator tool hosted by the CDC.gov website. Enter the information to determine your BMI (or use the fictitious data). Type the information from above into the appropriate spaces and then click: Calculate BMI. On the left menu click on: Finding a Balance. Reading Nutrition Facts Labels Total: 40 points For this portion of the assignment read the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s food facts guide about labels and then answer questions 1 and 2. Click here to access the guide. Question 1. (16 points) Write an essay at least 200 words in length that explains what are proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Question 2. (12 points) Take any can of vegetables from your pantry. Report the levels of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats for a serving size of your vegetable. Review the label for hamburger and answer question 3. Click here to read the label. Question 3. (12 points) Discuss what stands out to you as a difference between your veggie and the hamburger. Your answer should be at least 100 words in length. UNIT IIHOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTBCJ 1100 Unit II Homework Cancer and Genetics Introduction In order for organisms to grow, repair, maintain, and reproduce, cells undergo cell division. Sometimes, cells uncontrollably divide, resulting in cancer. In the first part of the Cancer and Cell Division Lab, you will learn about normal cell division and will compare it to cell division that occurs in cancer cells. You will then visit a website to find out more information about cancer. You will learn why it occurs, why it kills, and new treatments that are being tested and used to treat cancer. Objectives Explain the process of cancer, the effects on the human body, the various types, and the risk factors involved.Explain various treatments for cancer.Explain the various stages of mitosis. Materials No extra materials will be required to complete this lab other than internet service. Directions Go to the following website: http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/genbio/virtual_labs/BL_…Follow the steps under the PROCEDURE section.Type all answers directly on the data sheet.Select Save As, and save this document using your last name and student ID as the file name.Upload the data sheet as a .doc, .docx, or .rtf file when you are finished. While viewing the video, answer the following questions. Total: 8 points Centrioles are duplicated during which stage of mitosis? (4 points)During which stage of mitosis are sister chromatids pulled to opposite ends of the cell? (4 points) After viewing the video, click on the Information tab in the bottom right corner. Answer the following questions. Total: 12 points In which of the cancer types listed, are males not at risk of developing? (4 points)Cigarette smoke is a major risk factor for which type of cancer listed? (2 points)The risk for which type of cancer increases after the age of 55? (4 points) Continue following the directions under the PROCEDURE section, and complete the following table. Total: 40 points Interphase Prophase Metaphase Anaphase Telophase % of Cells Dividing % of Cells at rest Normal Lungs Cancerous Lungs Normal Stomach Cancerous Stomach Normal Ovary Cancerous Ovary Continue following the directions under the PROCEDURES section and answer the following questions. Total: 12 points Based on your data and observations, what are some of the differences between normal cells and cancer cells? (4 points)Which type of cancer shows the most aggressive growth? Explain your answer. (4 points)When studying cell division in tissue samples, scientists often calculate a mitotic index, which is the ratio of dividing cells to the total number of cells in the sample. Scientists often calculate the mitotic index to compare the growth rates of different types of tissue. Which type of tissue would have a higher mitotic index, normal tissue or cancerous tissue? Explain. (4 points) Go to: http://www.cancer.org/ Click Cancer A-Z. At the page that follows there will be links to more information on breast cancer, colon and rectal cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and skin cancer. Review the information for each these cancers. Next, write an essay that discusses either your own risk factors for each type of cancer and steps you might take to decrease those risk factors. As always, you do not have to disclose any actual personal information if you do not wish to. You may create a fictional character and discuss his or her risk factors instead. (30 points) Your response should be at least 100 words in length.