Assignment 1: Training and Development in Small Businesses
Select a small business with which you are familiar. Imagine that you have been called into that business to provide a consultation on training. Create a comprehensive training proposal for the business.
Write a seven to nine (7-9) page paper in which you:

Analyze key elements of training and development geared toward improving the performance of the specific small business for which you are consulting.
Predict three to five (3-5) potential challenges that the managers or owners of the business could face in addressing organizational performance.
Justify the effects of detecting organizational gaps in small business, providing examples to explain the rationale.
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Note: This is a template/ guide for Assignment #1. Please delete and replace the
information in the brackets with your own information. Also remove the brackets.
Title of Assignment
[First and Last Name]
Dr. Marilyn Carroll
BUS 407- Training and Development
[Date]
2
Training Proposal for a Small Business
Introduction
[ Imagine you are a training consultant for a small business. In this section of your paper, simply
summarize in a paragraph or two which company you are choosing to complete for this
assignment. Be sure to state the exact company and what’s going on in the company (problems
that training can solve). Then summarize (in one to two sentences) what you will be discussing
throughout your paper.]
Analysis
[This section requires you to analyze key elements of training and development geared toward
improving the performance of the specific small business for which you are consulting. This
should place you in the mind of doing the analysis part of the ADDIE process. Focus on the
needs analysis phase for this section (the Training Needs Analysis or TNA) relative to the
company’s performance. Identify gaps in performance and how training can be used to fill these
gaps. See Chapter 4 for additional information.]
Potential Challenges
[This section requires you to predict three to five potential challenges that the managers or
owners of the business could face in addressing organizational performance. First look at how
the small business is performing; then look at the expected performance and identify the gaps.
What could happen if these performance issues are not addressed? See chapter 4 for additional
information.]
Effects of Detecting Organizational Gaps
3
[This section requires you to justify the effects of detecting organizational gaps and provide
examples to explain your rationale. I suggest conducting additional research on other small
companies that can be used to support your rationale. See Chapter 4 for additional information.]
Competitive Training Strategy
[In this section, simply provided a proposal of a competitive training strategy that will improve
the position of the business in the market. The strategy should have an agenda of training
activities, rationale for instructional strategies used, and the return on investment that will be
gained from the strategy you have developed. Some sample section headers are below to help
structure your thoughts. See Chapter 2 for additional details.]
Agenda Activities
Rationale for Instructional Strategies
Return on Investment
Summary
[Use this section to summarize the paper and stress the strategy suggested and the expected
return on investment for the small business owner.]
4
REFERENCES
[Note: Remove this writing once you insert your references. Three quality references should be
listed on this page using Strayer Writing Standards]
Strayer University Writing Standards
Communicating professionally and ethically is one of the
essential skillsets we can teach you at Strayer. The following
guidelines will ensure:
· Your writing is professional
· You avoid plagiarizing others, which is essential to writing ethically
· You give credit to others in your work
Visit Strayer’s Academic Integrity Center for more information.
Strayer University Writing Standards
1
Writing Assignments
Title Your Work
If your assignment requires a title page, include the assignment title, your
name, course title, your professor’s name, and the date of submission on a
separate page.
If your assignment does not require a title page, include the assignment title,
your name, course title, your professor’s name, and the date of submission in
the header of your document.
Use Appropriate
Formatting
Include page numbers.
Use 1-inch margins.
Use Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, or Calibri font style.
Use 10, 11, or 12 point font size for the body of your text.
Use either single or double spacing, according to assignment guidelines.
See assignment guidelines for instructions to format tables/charts/graphs/
images.
Write Clearly
Use appropriate language and be concise.
Write in active voice when possible. Find tips here.
Use the point of view (first, second, or third person) required by the
assignment guidelines.
Use spelling and grammar check and proofread to help ensure your work is
error free.
Cite Credible Sources
Use credible sources to support your ideas/work. Find tips here.
Cite your sources throughout your work when you borrow someone else’s
words or ideas. Give credit to the authors.
Add each cited source to the source list at the end of your assignment so that
your reader can find and reference the original material. (See In-Text Citations
section for more details.)
Don’t forget to cite and add your textbook to the source list if you use it as a
source.
Build a Source List
Include a source list when the assignment requires research or if you cite the
textbook.
Type “Sources” centered on the first line of the page.
List the sources that you used in your assignment.
Organize sources in a numbered list and in order of use throughout the paper.
Use the original number when citing a source multiple times.
Strayer University Writing Standards
2
Giving Credit to Authors and Sources
When quoting or paraphrasing another source in your writing, you need to give credit by
using an in-text citation. An in-text citation includes the author’s last name and the number of
the source from the source list. Find tips here.
Option #1: Paraphrasing

Examples
Rewording Source Information in Your Own Words
ORIGINAL SOURCE
·· Take the source information and rephrase it in your
words. Be sure not to repeat the same words of the
author.
“Writing at a college level requires informed
research.”
·· Add a number to the end of your source (which will tie to
your source list).
·· Remember, you cannot just replace the words of the
original sentence.
PARAPHRASING
As Harvey wrote, when writing a paper for
higher education, it is critical to research and
cite sources (1).
When writing a paper for higher education,
it is imperative to research and cite sources
(Harvey, 1).
Option #2: Quoting

Examples
Citing another person’s work word for word
ORIGINAL SOURCE
·· Place quotation marks at the beginning and the end of
the quoted information.
“Writing at a college level requires informed
research.”
·· Add a number to the end of your quote (which matches
your source list).
·· Do not quote more than one to two sentences
(approximately 25 words) at a time.
·· Do not start a sentence with a quotation.
·· Introduce and explain quotes within the context of your
paper.
Strayer University Writing Standards
QUOTING
Harvey wrote in his book, “Writing at a college
level requires informed research” (1).
Many authors agree, “Writing at a college
level requires informed research” (Harvey, 1).
3
Source List
The source list (which includes the sources that you used in your assignment) is a new page
that you will add at the end of your paper. The list has two purposes: it gives credit to the
authors that you use and gives your readers enough information to find the source without
your help. Build your source list as you write.
Setting Up the Page
·· Type “Sources” at the top of a new page.
·· Include a numbered list of the sources you used in your paper. (the numbers
indicate the order in which you used them). A well-researched assignment has
at least as many sources as pages.
1. Use the number one (1) for the first source used in the paper, the number
two (2) for the second source, and so on.
2. Use the same number for a source if you use it multiple times.
Building a Source List
·· Ensure each source includes four parts: author or organization, publication
date, title, and how to find it. If you have trouble finding these details, then reevaluate the credibility of your source.
·· Use the browser link for a public webpage.
·· Look for a permalink tool for a webpage, which requires logging in, such as the
Strayer Library.
·· Write a comment instructing your readers how to find all sources that do not
have a browser link or a permalink.
Source List Elements
AUTHOR
PUBLICATION DATE
TITLE
HOW TO FIND
Michael Harvey
2013
In the case of multiple
authors, only list the first.
This is not the same as
copyright date, which is
denoted by ©
The Nuts &
Bolts of College
Writing
http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct
=true&db=nlebk&AN=590706&site=edslive&scope=site


Examples
How it Will Look in Your Source List
1. Michael Harvey, 2013, The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.
ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=590706&site=eds-live&scope=site
Strayer University Writing Standards
4

Sample Source List
1.
Michael Harvey, 2013, The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.
ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=590706&site=eds-live&scope=site
2.
William R. Stanek, 2010, Storyboarding Techniques chapter in Effective Writing for Business, College and Life, http://
libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=359141&site=e
ds-live&scope=site&ebv=EB&ppid=pp_23
3.
Zyad Hicham, 2017, Vocabulary Growth in College-Level Students’ Narrative Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/
login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.9b7fad40e529462bafe3a936
aaf81420&site=eds-live&scope=site
4.
Anya Kamenetz, July 10, 2015, The Writing Assignment That Changes Lives, https://www.npr.org/sections/
ed/2015/07/10/419202925/the-writing-assignment-that-changes-lives
5.
Brad Thor, June 14, 2016, The Best Writing Advice I Ever Got, http://time.com/4363050/brad-thor-best-writing-advice/
6.
Karen Hertzberg, June 15, 2017, How to Improve Writing Skills in 15 Easy Steps, https://www.grammarly.com/blog/
how-to-improve-writing-skills/
7.
Roy Peter Clark, 2008, Writing Tools: 55 Essential Strategies for Every Writer
8.
C.M. Gill, 2014, The Psychology of Grading and Scoring, Essential Writing Skills for College & Beyond
9.
ABC Company’s Policy & Procedures Committee, Employee Dress and Attendance Policy, this is a policy in my office
10. Henry M. Sayre, 2014, The Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change Vol 1, this is the HUM111 textbook
Strayer University Writing Standards
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