Please see attached paper and see if the information written in ‘green’ makes sense regarding ‘competitive grants accruing interest’Wanted to know if they can accrue interest, if not can someone can restate that, especially whats in red.
grant_writing_unit_2_db_final.docx

grant_writing_unit_2_db_final.docx

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Running head: GRANTS
1
Just pulled
Grant Writing Basics
PBAD301-1901A-02
Professor Danita Ayers
Grant Writing and Criminal Justice
Twanda Jones
Unit 2 Discussion Board
January 15, 2019
GRANTS
2
Grants
Grants are non-payable financial aid and products given by grantmakers who a corporation
can be, government agencies, philanthropists, foundation or trust. Many grants are not aimed at
making a profit. To get a grant, an individual or organization has to write a proposal, letter of intent
and/or make an application.
Differences between Competitive and Non-Competitive Grants
Generally, there are two types of grants. These are competitive and non-competitive grants.
Non-Competitive grants are given following a certain set formula and thus are sometimes called
entitlements, usually aimed to support extensive state projects for growth stimulation. It can be
looked at like more of a contract than as a grant, and they support state projects aim to promote
growth, development and general welfare; for instance, funding towards cancer treatment
programs initiated by the government (Neta et al. 2015). The allocation is based on a set formula;
for example, considering youths coming from families with a specific income level. Noncompetitive grants are given following certain legally set procedures. They are given to all
institutions and agencies that meet the minimum set legal formula requirements. Non-competitive
grants are sometimes referred to as Formula grants. For example, like Medicaid. These grants are
GRANTS
3
usually disbursed and allocated among the “states by a legislated formula” (Oostenbrug, 2014).
Some of the non-competitive grants can be continuous.
Competitive grants usually come with some interest from the person seeking the grant. The
proposer ought to specify what shall be done at a particular time, costs to be involved and justify
the reason for each cost. In competitive grants, the foundation giving the grants posts and invites
people for the application (Phelan 2014). These posts contain all the requirements that must be
met by those seeking the grants — for instance, urban education funding during the Obama
presidency, and various College and high school funding some of the examples of competitive
grants. Competitive grants are given to participants in training, demonstration, research and
service programs. Competitive grants are given to non-profits, government entities, etc. Usually,
the federal agency selects the awardee based on eligibility, merit and/or response from the
application or proposal submitted. This is another reason it’s called competitive grant because
individuals have to compete against each other and the selecting agency chooses the best
application or proposal that meets all the requirements.
Comparison between Competitive and Non-Competitive Grants Regarding Effective
Distribution of Monies
Between the two types of grants, non-competitive grants are the most effective in the
allocation of grants this is basically because the non-competitive grants provide a unique stipulated
formula, prescribed in regulation as well as legislation and not based on a review of a certain
project. The set formula is based on factors like population, capital income, state budget, specified
needs, and inadequacy.
GRANTS
4
Non-Competitive grants are composed of set legal minimum requirements that parties need
to meet to qualify. They do not have interests attached, and therefore they are more reliable than
competitive grants. They are generally aimed at benefiting the participants.
On the other hand, competitive grants accrue interest, and hence they are not effective with
needy governments and their people as they will prove too costly in the long run (Bloch,
Graversen& Pedersen, 2014). The competitive grants also may turn out to be inconvenient and, in
some cases, biased to or against some participants. Competitive grants only serve individual but
not public, and since it does not have legal requirements it will only reach few individuals. This
make it less competitive compare to non-competitive grants. Therefore, Non-competitive grants
provide a better option for those seeking financial grants as opposed to competitive grants.
Ethical and Legal Consequences of Competitive and Non-Competitive Grants.
With regards to ethics and legal requirements, the type of grants that is best suited for
individuals as well as organizations are the non-competitive grants. This offers much-needed
protection, sustainability, and dependency because their main objective is to promote and facilitate
individuals (Davis &Laas2014). There are set requirements, hence, does not leave room for biases
and favors. Competitive grants, on the other hand, do not have set conditions, and hence they may
tend to be biased on the basis of the person or organization issuing the grant. The interest rates are
not governed by set laws and hence tendency to victimize those applying. The main objective of
competitive grants is making profits, and therefore they solely favor the companies or institutions
issuing the grants as opposed to favoring the participants.
GRANTS
5
Conclusion
External funding is always made available for financing efforts to achieve development. It
is not always easy to get external funding, but writing a good proposal helps one or an organization
to get external funding. This external funding is often obtained as grants. Grants can be either
competitive grants or non-competitive grants. The two general types of grants include competitive
and non-competitive. Non-competitive are grants given based on a specific set formula, mostly
aimed at supporting extensive government projects for growth stimulation. Competitive grants, on
the other hand, are mostly given with some interest from the individuals seeking the grant. Noncompetitive grants come along with many benefits, as compared to competitive grants. However,
in some cases, it is inevitable to use either source of grants. Grants help in the quick realization of
needs or meeting of set objectives. There are different types of grants each having its merits and
demerits. The different types of grants include Block grants Employment grants, competitive and
non-competitive grants, program grants, construction grants, research grants, and technology
grants.
Finally, with both grants, competitive and non-competitive, the grantee must be
accountable for the funds, and the funds must be used for the purpose stated in the application and
requirements. If these grants are not used properly, there are chances of repayment. There should
be no misuse of funds. If there are misuse, the grantees can be penalized and asked to repay.
GRANTS
6
References
Bloch, C., Graversen, E.,& Pedersen, H. (2014). Competitive research grants and their impact on
career performance. Minerva, 52(1), 77-96.

Brulle, R. J. (2014). Institutionalizing delay: foundation funding and the creation of US climate
change counter-movement organizations. Climatic Change, 122(4), 681694.
Davis, M., &Laas, K. (2014). “Broader impacts” or “responsible research and innovation”? A
comparison of two criteria for funding research in science and engineering. Science and
engineering ethics, 20(4), 963-983.
GRANTS
7
Neta, G., Sanchez, M. A., Chambers, D. A., Phillips, S. M., Leyva, B., Cynkin, L., … & Vinson,
C. (2015). Implementation science in cancer prevention and control: a decade of grant
funding by the National Cancer Institute and future directions. Implementation
Science, 10(1),
4.
Oostenbrug, P. (2019). Grant Basics: Competitive, Formula, and Continuation Applications.
Retrieved from https://blog.ecivis.com/grant-application-types
Phelan, D. J. (2014). The clear and present funding crisis in community colleges. New Directions
for Community Colleges, 2014(168), 516.
Running head: GRANTS
1
Just pulled
Grant Writing Basics
PBAD301-1901A-02
Professor Danita Ayers
Grant Writing and Criminal Justice
Twanda Jones
Unit 2 Discussion Board
January 15, 2019
GRANTS
2
Grants
Grants are non-payable financial aid and products given by grantmakers who a corporation
can be, government agencies, philanthropists, foundation or trust. Many grants are not aimed at
making a profit. To get a grant, an individual or organization has to write a proposal, letter of intent
and/or make an application.
Differences between Competitive and Non-Competitive Grants
Generally, there are two types of grants. These are competitive and non-competitive grants.
Non-Competitive grants are given following a certain set formula and thus are sometimes called
entitlements, usually aimed to support extensive state projects for growth stimulation. It can be
looked at like more of a contract than as a grant, and they support state projects aim to promote
growth, development and general welfare; for instance, funding towards cancer treatment
programs initiated by the government (Neta et al. 2015). The allocation is based on a set formula;
for example, considering youths coming from families with a specific income level. Noncompetitive grants are given following certain legally set procedures. They are given to all
institutions and agencies that meet the minimum set legal formula requirements. Non-competitive
grants are sometimes referred to as Formula grants. For example, like Medicaid. These grants are
GRANTS
3
usually disbursed and allocated among the “states by a legislated formula” (Oostenbrug, 2014).
Some of the non-competitive grants can be continuous.
Competitive grants usually come with some interest from the person seeking the grant. The
proposer ought to specify what shall be done at a particular time, costs to be involved and justify
the reason for each cost. In competitive grants, the foundation giving the grants posts and invites
people for the application (Phelan 2014). These posts contain all the requirements that must be
met by those seeking the grants — for instance, urban education funding during the Obama
presidency, and various College and high school funding some of the examples of competitive
grants. Competitive grants are given to participants in training, demonstration, research and
service programs. Competitive grants are given to non-profits, government entities, etc. Usually,
the federal agency selects the awardee based on eligibility, merit and/or response from the
application or proposal submitted. This is another reason it’s called competitive grant because
individuals have to compete against each other and the selecting agency chooses the best
application or proposal that meets all the requirements.
Comparison between Competitive and Non-Competitive Grants Regarding Effective
Distribution of Monies
Between the two types of grants, non-competitive grants are the most effective in the
allocation of grants this is basically because the non-competitive grants provide a unique stipulated
formula, prescribed in regulation as well as legislation and not based on a review of a certain
project. The set formula is based on factors like population, capital income, state budget, specified
needs, and inadequacy.
GRANTS
4
Non-Competitive grants are composed of set legal minimum requirements that parties need
to meet to qualify. They do not have interests attached, and therefore they are more reliable than
competitive grants. They are generally aimed at benefiting the participants.
On the other hand, competitive grants accrue interest, and hence they are not effective with
needy governments and their people as they will prove too costly in the long run (Bloch, Graversen
& Pedersen, 2014). The competitive grants also may turn out to be inconvenient and, in some
cases, biased to or against some participants. Competitive grants only serve individual but not
public, and since it does not have legal requirements it will only reach few individuals. This make
it less competitive compare to non-competitive grants. Therefore, Non-competitive grants provide
a better option for those seeking financial grants as opposed to competitive grants.
Ethical and Legal Consequences of Competitive and Non-Competitive Grants.
With regards to ethics and legal requirements, the type of grants that is best suited for
individuals as well as organizations are the non-competitive grants. This offers much-needed
protection, sustainability, and dependency because their main objective is to promote and facilitate
individuals (Davis &Laas2014). There are set requirements, hence, does not leave room for biases
and favors. Competitive grants, on the other hand, do not have set conditions, and hence they may
tend to be biased on the basis of the person or organization issuing the grant. The interest rates are
not governed by set laws and hence tendency to victimize those applying. The main objective of
competitive grants is making profits, and therefore they solely favor the companies or institutions
issuing the grants as opposed to favoring the participants.
GRANTS
5
Conclusion
External funding is always made available for financing efforts to achieve development. It
is not always easy to get external funding, but writing a good proposal helps one or an organization
to get external funding. This external funding is often obtained as grants. Grants can be either
competitive grants or non-competitive grants. The two general types of grants include competitive
and non-competitive. Non-competitive are grants given based on a specific set formula, mostly
aimed at supporting extensive government projects for growth stimulation. Competitive grants, on
the other hand, are mostly given with some interest from the individuals seeking the grant. Noncompetitive grants come along with many benefits, as compared to competitive grants. However,
in some cases, it is inevitable to use either source of grants. Grants help in the quick realization of
needs or meeting of set objectives. There are different types of grants each having its merits and
demerits. The different types of grants include Block grants Employment grants, competitive and
non-competitive grants, program grants, construction grants, research grants, and technology
grants.
Finally, with both grants, competitive and non-competitive, the grantee must be
accountable for the funds, and the funds must be used for the purpose stated in the application and
requirements. If these grants are not used properly, there are chances of repayment. There should
be no misuse of funds. If there are misuse, the grantees can be penalized and asked to repay.
GRANTS
6
References
Bloch, C., Graversen, E.,& Pedersen, H. (2014). Competitive research grants and their impact on
career performance. Minerva, 52(1), 77-96.

Brulle, R. J. (2014). Institutionalizing delay: foundation funding and the creation of US climate
change counter-movement organizations. Climatic Change, 122(4), 681694.
Davis, M., &Laas, K. (2014). “Broader impacts” or “responsible research and innovation”? A
comparison of two criteria for funding research in science and engineering. Science and
engineering ethics, 20(4), 963-983.
GRANTS
7
Neta, G., Sanchez, M. A., Chambers, D. A., Phillips, S. M., Leyva, B., Cynkin, L., … & Vinson,
C. (2015). Implementation science in cancer prevention and control: a decade of grant
funding by the National Cancer Institute and future directions. Implementation
Science, 10(1),
4.
Oostenbrug, P. (2019). Grant Basics: Competitive, Formula, and Continuation Applications.
Retrieved from https://blog.ecivis.com/grant-application-types
Phelan, D. J. (2014). The clear and present funding crisis in community colleges. New Directions
for Community Colleges, 2014(168), 516.

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