Assignment 2: Project Paper – Comparative EssayThis “Assignment 2” writing assignment is a comparative essay focused on topics encountered in our HUM 111 class. The project will be based on research but will reflect your views and interpretation of the topic. This project is designed to help you stretch your mind and your abilities as an organized, innovative, and critical thinker. If approached properly, it should also be fun!Choose one (1) of the topics from the list of topic choices below. Read the topic carefully. Write a three to four (3-4) page paper (750-1,000 words) that follows instructions and covers each part of the topic. (The title page and References list do not get included in this word count).For the topic you choose:Establish a clear thesis about your topic as part of the introductory paragraph (often the thesis is the last thing one determines after doing the basic research and outline; however it will be placed in the first paragraph of your paper).This is a comparative essay. Comparison approached properly will require some critical thinking on your part. Use a point-by-point approach for the essay. That means, if comparing subject A with subject B, don’t do the first half of the essay on subject A and then the second half on subject B–that will seem like two (2) separate essays and comparisons will tend to get lost. Instead, you should be mentioning both subjects in most of your paragraphs as you compare them throughout the essay. Comparisons will identify similarities as well as contrasts.Do not try to do everything on your two (2) subjects. You should end up narrowing your focus to a few insights and issues about the subjects being compared. And, from those fairly specific points of comparison, you will develop a thesis and glean some lessons.Follow closely the instructions below for your specific topic.Include a concluding paragraph at the end. This paragraph will, in some way, refer back to the thesis established in your first paragraph, since now you have demonstrated and supported it. It may be here that you also include your observations relating your study to the modern workplace or society (see your topic). Try to finish with flair!Use at least three (3) good quality academic sources, with one (1) source being the class text. Note: Wikipedia and other similar Websites do not qualify as academic resources. You are highly encouraged to use the Resource Center tab at the top of your Blackboard page.Topic Choices – Choose just one (1) of the topics below:Qualities of the Hero: Comparing Gilgamesh and Odysseus. Write an essay comparing these two (2) heroic figures from ancient epics of different cultures, especially focusing your analysis on the sources about their encounters with monsters: Gilgamesh encounters the monster guarding the forest, Humbaba, in Tablets 3-5 of the Epic of Gilgamesh (see http://www.ancienttexts.org/library/mesopotamian/gilgamesh/; scroll down to the Tablet links; think of “Tablet” numbers like chapter numbers).” Odysseus encounters Polyphemus the Cyclops in Book 9 of The Odyssey (see http://www.theoi.com/Text/HomerOdyssey9.html; from line 105 to the end). Your paper should: a) Compare Gilgamesh and Odysseus as to their heroic qualities, noting similarities and differences, using specific examples from the epics.b) Summarize what this indicates about differences between ancient Mesopotamian and Greek cultures in their ideals and expectations.c) From this comparison, suggest ways that current cultural ideals and expectations shape modern notions about role models and heroes.Confucius and Aristotle on Virtue. Write an essay comparing these two (2) ancient thinkers on the concept of virtue or good ethical character and conduct. Stay focused on the issue; keep any biographical or other information short or limited. As much as possible, analyze their writings (in translation, of course), using Confucius’ Analects (at http://classics.mit.edu/Confucius/analects.html ) and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (at http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.html ). Your paper should:a) Compare the teachings of Confucius and Aristotle on what constitutes virtue or good ethical character and conduct, noting similarities and differences in specific ideas or emphasis.b) Consider what your findings suggest about differences between ancient Chinese and ancient Greek culture.c) From this comparison, suggest ideas of virtue that can apply to ethics in a modern setting, such as a diverse workplace. Comparing Sculptures of Ancient India and Greece. Write an essay comparing the way gods and humans were depicted in sculpture in ancient India and Greece, and identify the cultural values and ideals that these art works reflect in each case. Your paper should: a) Using specific examples, compare the way gods and people were depicted in the sculptures of ancient India and Greece, noting similarities and differences.b) Identify the cultural values and ideals that these art works reflect for each society. c) From this comparison, suggest a modern situation of artistic expression and the ways it reflects or counters prevailing cultural values. Comparing Ancient Skeptics. Write an essay comparing Lucretius and Wang Chong (=Wang Ch’ung), skeptical philosophers of ancient Rome and China. They were skeptical about popular religious and spiritual beliefs and widely-held superstitions. Lucretius was an Epicurean philosopher of Roman culture (Chapter 6). Wang Ch’ung was a thinker in ancient Chinese culture (Chapter 7). For Lucretius, focus on Book 5 of his On the Nature of Things as found at http://johnstoniatexts.x10host.com/lucretius/lucretius5html.html (good helpful commentary at the end of this web page). For Wang Ch’ung (=Wang Chong), focus on the segments of his On Spirits as found at https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Gems_of_Chinese_Literature/Wang_Ch‘ung-On_Spirits . a) Using examples from their writings, compare these two (2) thinkers on their views about specific subjects and on their approach in explaining and expressing their skepticism. b) From this comparison, identify popular beliefs in each culture that seem similar andthose that seem different. c) From this comparison, suggest any modern situation in which materialist skeptics confront spiritual and religious beliefs, and comment on the considerations of free expression and cultural respectComparing Ancient Male Rulers. Take any two (2) of these rulers and write an essay comparing them: Ramses II, Shihuangdi, Constantine, Ashoka, Pericles, or Charlemagne. Select rulers from different cultures. You may also propose (for approval or not) a ruler not listed. Avoid lengthy quoting or lengthy close paraphrasing from biographical sources. Make it YOUR comparative analysis. Your paper should:a) Compare the two (2) rulers in terms of their situation and methods of rule and their apparent ideals and practices, noting similarities and differences. Use specific examples.b) Consider what your study suggests about the cultures over which they ruled, identifying any similarities and differences between the cultures.c) From this comparison, suggest lessons about different types of effective leadership in the world of modern business and / or modern politics. Comparing Ancient Female Rulers. Compare the Tang Empress Wu Zetian (also known as Empress Wu or as Wu Zhao; ruled China around 690-705 AD) with either the Pharaoh Cleopatra (ruled Egypt around 51-31 BC) or the Pharaoh Hatshepsut (ruled Egypt around 1478-1458 BC). You may also propose (for approval or not) a female ruler not listed. Avoid lengthy quoting or lengthy close paraphrasing from biographical sources. Make it YOUR comparative analysis. Your paper should:a) Compare the two (2) rulers in terms of their situation and ascent to power, their methods of rule, and their achievements and resourcefulness, noting similarities and differences. Use specific examples.b) Consider what your study suggests about the cultures over which they ruled, identifying any similarities and differences between the cultures.c) From this comparison, suggest lessons about different types of effective leadership by a female in the world of modern business and / or modern politics. Other topic choice using a comparative approach (proposed by student or instructor) and approved by the professor and supported by the grading rubric.The Project Paper will be graded on:The level to which the instructions were followed for the paper generally and for the specific topic.The establishment of a clear thesis about your topic.The adequacy and relevance of information, examples, and details which support the general thesis.Covering each part of the topic as instructed, including the comparisons, the consideration of ancient cultural differences, and the reflection on lessons for modern society or the modern workplace.The quality of your research and your persuasiveness using critical reasoning.The use and acknowledgment of a minimum of three (3) required sources (the class textbook plus at least two (2) other quality academic sources) documented using the Strayer Writing Standards –including both the use of a proper Source list and the use of proper in-text citations.Adherence to standard rules of grammar, punctuation, paragraphing, and mechanics, and general clarity of presentation.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:This course requires use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). The format is different than other Strayer University courses. Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Explain how key social, cultural, and artistic contributions contribute to historical changes.Explain the importance of situating a society’s cultural and artistic expressions within a historical context.Examine the influences of intellectual, religious, political, and socio-economic forces on social, cultural, and artistic expressions.Identify major historical developments in world cultures during the eras of antiquity to the Renaissance.Use technology and information resources to research issues in the study of world cultures.Write clearly and concisely about world cultures using proper writing mechanics.
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Info Sheet No. 10
HUM 111 Info Sheet No.10
– Guidance for Assignment 2
Class,
Here is some guidance for completing Assignment 2: Project Paper – Comparative
Essay.
In terms of the word count, which says 750-1,000 words, this is a just a minimum
figure. You can write more than that, if you wish.
Similarly, 3-4 pages should be seen as the range for the main part of your paper.
To this you should add the title page and the reference page.
The objective is to answer the question the best you can, not just hit a particular
word limit.
A good paper should include the following:
-Title page
-Write about the three points that are required for the topic you choose. You should
write roughly the same amount for each of the three points in your assignment.
-Reference page, with at least three quality academic sources. You can use the
textbook as one of these three sources. Note: in the grading rubric, to get full points
for the references you must provide at least four references.
Be sure to support your points with specific information.
I hope this helps. If you have any questions, please feel free to let me know.
Regards,
1
Communicating professionally and ethically is one of the
essential skill sets we can teach you at Strayer. The following
guidelines will ensure:
· Your writing is professional
· You avoid plagiarizing others, which is essential to writing ethically
· You give credit to others in your work
Visit Strayer’s Academic Integrity Center for more information.
Winter 2019
General Standards
Use Appropriate
Formatting
Clear All Checkboxes
Include page numbers.
Use 1-inch margins.
Use Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, or Calibri font style.
Use 10-, 11-, or 12-point font size for the body of your text.
Use numerals (1, 2, 3, and so on) or spell out numbers (one, two, three, and so on).
Be consistent with your choice throughout the assignment.
Use either single or double spacing, according to assignment guidelines.
Title Your Work
If assignment requires a title page:
·· Include the assignment title, your name, course title, your professor’s name, and the
date of submission on a separate page.
If assignment does not require a title page (stated in the assignment details):
a. Include all required content in a header at the top of your document.
or b. Include all required content where appropriate for assignment format.
Examples of appropriate places per assignment: letterhead of a business letter
assignment or a title slide for a PowerPoint presentation.
Write Clearly
Use appropriate language and be concise.
Write in active voice when possible. Find tips here.
Use the point of view (first, second, or third person) required by the assignment
guidelines.
Use spelling and grammar check and proofread to help ensure your work is error free.
Cite Credible
Sources
Use credible sources to support your ideas/work. Find tips here.
Cite your sources throughout your work when you borrow someone else’s words or ideas.
Give credit to the authors.
Look for a permalink tool for a webpage when possible (especially when an electronic
source requires logging in like the Strayer Library). Find tips here.
Add each cited source to the Source List at the end of your assignment. (See the Giving
Credit to Authors and Sources section for more details.)
Don’t forget to cite and add your textbook to the Source List if you use it as a source.
Build a
Source List
Include a Source List when the assignment requires research or if you cite the textbook.
Type “Sources” centered on the first line of the page.
List the sources that you used in your assignment.
Organize sources in a numbered list and in order of use throughout the paper. Use the
original number when citing a source multiple times.
For more information, see the Source List section.
Strayer University Writing Standards
2
Writing Assignments
Strayer University uses several different types of writing assignments. The Strayer University
Student Writing Standards are designed to allow flexibility in formatting your assignment and
giving credit to your sources. This section covers specific areas to help you properly format
and develop your assignments. Note: The specific format guidelines override guidelines in the
General Standards section.
Clear All Checkboxes
Paper and Essay
Specific Format
Guidelines
Use double spacing throughout the body of your assignment.
Use a consistent 12-point font throughout your assignment submission. (For
acceptable fonts, see General Standards section.)
Use the point of view (first or third person) required by the assignment guidelines.
Section headings can be used to divide different content areas. Align section
headings (centered) on the page, be consistent, and include at least two section
headings in the assignment.
Follow all other General Standards section guidelines.
PowerPoint or
Slideshow Specific
Format Guidelines
Title slides should include the project name (title your work to capture attention if
possible), a subtitle (if needed), the course title, and your name.
Use spacing that improves professional style (mixing single and double spacing as
needed).
Use a background color or image on slides.
Use Calibri, Lucida Console, Helvetica, Futura, Myriad Pro, or Gill Sans font styles.
Use 28-32 point font size for the body of your slides (based on your chosen font
style). Avoid font sizes below 24-point.
Use 36-44 point font size for the titles of your slides (based on chosen font style).
Limit content per slide (no more than 7 lines on any slide and no more than 7
words per line).
Include slide numbers when your slide show has 3+ slides. You may place the
numbers wherever you like (but be consistent).
Include appropriate images that connect directly to slide content or presentation
content.
Follow additional guidelines from the PowerPoint or Slideshow Specific Format
Guidelines section and assignment guidelines.
Strayer University Writing Standards
3
Giving Credit to Authors and Sources
When quoting or paraphrasing another source, you need to give credit by using an in-text
citation. An in-text citation includes the author’s last name and the number of the source from
the Source List. A well-researched assignment has at least as many sources as pages (see
Writing Assignments for the required number of sources). Find tips here.
Option #1: Paraphrasing

Rewording Source Information in Your Own Words
ORIGINAL SOURCE
·· Rephrase the source information in your words.
Be sure not to repeat the same words of the author.
·· Add a number to the end of your source (which will tie
to your Source List).
·· Remember, you cannot just replace words of the
original sentence.
Examples
“Writing at a college level requires informed
research.”
PARAPHRASING
As Harvey wrote, when writing a paper for
higher education, it is critical to research and
cite sources (1).
When writing a paper for higher education,
it is imperative to research and cite sources
(Harvey, 1).
Option #2: Quoting

Citing Another Person’s Work Word-For-Word
ORIGINAL SOURCE
·· Place quotation marks at the beginning and the end of
the quoted information.
·· Add a number to the end of your source (which will tie
to your Source List).
·· Do not quote more than one to two sentences
(approximately 25 words) at a time.
·· Do not start a sentence with a quotation.
·· Introduce and explain quotes within the context of
your paper.
Examples
“Writing at a college level requires informed
research.”
QUOTING
Harvey wrote in his book, “Writing at a college
level requires informed research” (1).
Many authors agree, “Writing at a college
level requires informed research” (Harvey, 1).
Strayer University Writing Standards
4
Traditional Sources
Page Numbers
When referencing multiple pages in a text book or other
large book, consider adding page numbers to help the
reader understand where the information you referenced
can be found. You can do this in three ways:
a. In the body of your paper;
or b. In the citation;
or c. By listing page numbers in the order they were
used in your paper on the Source List.

Example
IN-TEXT CITATION
(Harvey, 1, p. 16)
In the example, the author is Harvey, the source list number
is 1, and the page number that this information can be
found on is page 16.
Check with your instructor or the assignment guidelines to
see if there is a preference based on your course.
Multiple Sources (Synthesizing)
Synthesizing means using multiple sources in one sentence
or paragraph (typically paraphrased) to make a strong
point. This is normally done with more advanced writing,
but could happen in any writing where you use more than
one source.
The key here is clarity. If you paraphrase multiple sources
in the same sentence (of paragraph if the majority of the
information contained in the paragraph is paraphrased),
you should include each source in the citation. Separate
sources using semi-colons (;) and create the citation in
the normal style that you would for using only one source
(Name, Source Number).
Strayer University Writing Standards

Example
SYNTHESIZED IN-TEXT CITATION
(Harvey, 1; Buchanan, 2)
In the example, the authors Harvey and Buchanan were
paraphrased to help the student make a strong point.
Harvey is the first source on the source list, and Buchanan is
the second source on the source list.
5
Web Sources
A web source is any source accessed through an internet browser. Before using any source, first determine its credibility.
Then decide if the source is appropriate and relevant for your project. Find tips here.
Home Pages
Specific Web Pages
A home page is the main page that loads when you type
a standard web address. For instance, if you type Google.
com into the web browser, you will be taken to Google’s
home page.
If you are using any web page other than the home page,
include the specific title of the page and the direct link (when
possible) for that specific page in your Source List Entry.
If you do need to cite a home page, use the webpage’s
title from the browser. This found by moving your mouse
cursor over the webpage name at the top of the browser.
When citing a homepage, it is likely because there is a news
thread, image, or basic piece of information on a company
that you wish to include in your assignment.
Discussion Posts
When quoting or paraphrasing a source for discussion
threads, include the source number in parenthesis after the
body text where you quote or paraphrase. At the end of
your post, type the word “Sources” and below that include
a list of any sources that you cited.
If you pulled information from more than one source,
continue to number the additional sources in the order that
they appear in your post.
For more information on building a Source List Entry, see
Source List section.
If your assignment used multiple pages from the same author/
source, create separate Source List Entries for each page
when possible (if the title and/or web address is different).

Examples
SAMPLE POST
The work is the important part of any writing
assignment. According to Smith, “writing
things down is the biggest challenge” (1).
This is significant because…
The other side of this is also important. It is
noted that “actually writing isn’t important as
much as putting ideas somewhere useful” (2).
SOURCES
1. William Smith. 2018. The Way Things Are.
http://www.samplesite.com/writing
2. Patricia Smith. 2018. The Way Things Really
Are. http://www.betterthansample.com/tiger
Strayer University Writing Standards
6
Examples
Effective Internet Links

When sharing a link to an article with your instructor and
classmates, start with a brief summary and why you chose
to share it.
POOR EXAMPLE
Be sure to check the link you’re posting to be sure it will
work for your classmates. They should be able to just click
on the link and go directly to your shared site.
Share vs. URL Options
Cutting and pasting the URL (web address) from your browser
may not allow others to view your source. This makes it hard
for people to engage with the content you used.
To avoid this problem, look for a “share” option and choose
that when possible so your classmates and professor
get the full, direct link. Always test your link(s) before
submitting to make sure they work.
If you cannot properly share the link, include the article as an
attachment. Interested classmates and your professor can
reference the article shared as an attachment. Find tips here.
Hey check out this article: http://www.
Jobs4You.FED/Jobs_u_can_get
BETTER EXAMPLE
After reading the textbook this week, I
researched job sites. I found an article on how
to find the best job site depending on the job
you’re looking for. The author shared some
interesting tools such as job sites that collect job
postings from other sites and ranks them from
newest to oldest, depending on category. Check
out the article at this link: http://www.Jobs4You.
FED/Jobs_u_can_get
Charts, Images, and Tables
Charts, images, and tables should be centered and followed by an in-text citation. Design your page and place a citation
below the chart, image, or table. When referring to the chart, image, or table in the body of the assignment, use the citation.
On your Source List, provide the following details of the visual:
·· Author’s name (if created by you, provide your name)
·· Date (if created by you, provide the year)
·· Type (Chart, Image, or Table)
·· How to find it (link or other information – See Source List section for additional details).
Strayer University Writing Standards
7
Source List
The Source List (which includes the sources that you used in your assignment) is a new page
you add at the end of your paper. The list has two purposes: it gives credit to the authors that
you use and gives your readers enough information to find the source without your help. Build
your Source List as you write.
Setting Up the
Source List Page
·· Type “Sources” at the top of a new page.
·· Include a numbered list of the sources you used in your paper (the numbers
indicate the order in which you used them).
1. Use the number one (1) for the first source used in the paper, the number
two (2) for the second source, and so on.
2. Use the same number for a source if you use it multiple times.
Creating a
Source List Entry
·· Ensure each source includes five parts: author or organization, publication date,
title, page number (if needed), and how to find it. If you have trouble finding
these details, then re-evaluate the credibility of your source.
·· Use the browser link for a public webpage.
·· Use a permalink for a webpage when possible. Find tips here.
·· Instruct your readers how to find all sources that do not have a browser link
or a permalink.
·· Separate each Source List Element with a period on your Source List.
Source List Elements
AUTHOR
PUBLICATION DATE
TITLE
PAGE NO.
HOW TO FIND
The person(s) who
published the source. This
can be a single person,
a group of people, or an
organization. If the source
has no author, use “No
author” where you would
list the author.
The date the source was
published. If the source
has no publication date,
use “No date” where you
would list the date.
The title of the
source. If the
source has no title,
use “No title”
where you would
list the title.
The page
number(s) used. If
the source has no
page numbers,
omit this section
from your Source
List Entry.
Instruct readers how to find
all sources. Keep explanations
simple and concise, but
provide enough information
so the source can be located.
Note: It is your responsibility
to make sure the source can
be found.
Michael Harvey
2013
p. 1
In the case of multiple
authors, only list the first.
This is not the same as
copyright date, which is
denoted by ©
The Nuts &
Bolts of College
Writing
http://libdatab.strayer.edu/
login?url=http://search.
ebscohost.com/login.aspx

Examples
Strayer University Writing Standards
Include p. and
the page(s) used.
8

How It Will Look in Your Source List
1. Michael Harvey. 2013. The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing. p. 1. http://libdatab.strayer.edu/
login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx

Sample Source List
1.
Michael Harvey, 2013, The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.
ebscohost.com/login.aspx
2.
William R. Stanek. 2010. Storyboarding Techniques chapter in Effective Writing for Business, College and Life. http://
libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=359141&site=e
ds-live&scope=site&ebv=EB&ppid=pp_23
3.
Zyad Hicham. 2017. Vocabulary Growth in College-Level Students’ Narrative Writing. http://libdatab.strayer.edu/
login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.9b7fad40e529462bafe3a936
aaf81420&site=eds-live&scope=site
4.
Anya Kamenetz. July 10, 2015. The Writing Assignment That Changes Lives. https://www.npr.org/sections/
ed/2015/07/10/419202925/the-writing-assignment-that-changes-lives
5.
Brad Thor. June 14, 2016. The Best Writing Advice I Ever Got. http://time.com/4363050/brad-thor-best-writing-advice/
6.
Karen Hertzberg. June 15, 2017. How to Improve Writing Skills in 15 Easy Steps. https://www.grammarly.com/blog/
how-to-improve-writing-skills/
7.
Roy Peter Clark. 2008. Writing Tools: 55 Essential Strategies for Every Writer. p.55-67. Book on Amazon.com.
8.
C.M. Gill. 2014. The Psychology of Grading and Scoring chapter in Essential Writing Skills for College & Beyond.
Textbook.
9.
ABC Company’s Policy & Procedures Committee. No Date. Employee Dress and Attendance Policy. Policy in my office.
10. Henry M. Sayre. 2014. The Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change, Vol. 1. This is the HUM111 textbook.
11. Savannah Student. 2018. Image. http://www.studentsite.com
12. Don Dollarsign. 2018. Chart. http://www.allaboutthemoney.com
13. Company Newsletter Name. 2018. Table. Company Newsletter Printed Copy (provided upon request).
Strayer University Writing Standards
9

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