As part of the IEP team, general education and special education teachers must possess an understanding of the eligibility categories used to determine if a student is eligible to receive special education services. These categories are broad and many types of diagnoses fall under each category. For example, attention deficit disorder is one common disability that falls under the category of Other Health Impaired, and Down syndrome falls under Intellectual Disability. Dyslexia is also a diagnosis that usually falls under the category of Specific Learning Disability in the area of Reading and has specific, unique characteristics. General education and special education teachers must collaborate and communicate in a professional and articulate manner with school psychologists, related service providers, administrators, colleagues, and families when determining eligibility and providing a rationale to support the need for delivery of services.Use the provided “Disability Matrix Template” to complete this assignment. Follow the example “Autism” row in the template.Identify and research the disability categories under IDEA.Support your findings with an additional three scholarly resources.GCU style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.This assignment uses a rubric. Review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
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Disability Matrix Template
Disability or Disability
Category
Example:
Autism
Development
Area
Definition
Causes
Prevalence
(Identify each as
cognitive, linguistic,
social, physical,
and/or emotional)
(Define each disability
category in your own
words)
(Identify the origins
associated with the
disability)
(Identify the statistical
measure that indicates the
number of incidence in a
given population)
Cognitive,
Linguistic,
Social/Emotional
Autism is a
developmental
disability that affects
communication
(verbal and
nonverbal) and
social skills.
A developmental disability
that affects social,
communication, and
academic skills. Restrictive
and repetitive behavior
might be observed.
(NICHCY, 2011)
Difficulty communicating
and interpreting motives
and cues of others
-Not comfortable with
change
-Poor social skills
-May engage in the same
activity over and over
(SARRC, n.d.)
Mostly unknown. Possible
hereditary and
environmental causes.
The causes of Autism are
not clear but has something
to do with brain
development before birth.
(Autism Society, “Causes,”
2015 para. 1).
Autism is one of the fastest
growing disabilities.
Prevalence has changed to
1 in 68 children in U.S.
(Autism Society, “Facts
and Statistics,” para 2.
2016).
Dyslexia
Deaf-Blindness
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Characteristics and
Potential Effect on
Learning
(Identify the physical,
emotional, linguistic, social,
and cognitive traits and how
they could affect individual
student learning)
Difficulty with written
expression. Reading
comprehension, math
problem solving, fine and
gross motor skills may also
be affected, over and under
selective attention to detail
making task completion
difficult.
Can include verbal and nonverbal skills, inflexibility,
resistance to changes, hyper
or hypo sensitivity to
sensory stimuli, and
repetitive behavior causing
difficulty with social skills
with peers as well as
emotional well-being.
(NICHCY, 2011)
Deafness
Developmental Delay
Emotional
Disturbance/Behavioral
Disorders
Hearing Impairment
Intellectual Disability
Multiple Disabilities
Orthopedic
Impairment
Other Health
Impairment
Specific Learning
Disability
Speech or Language
Impairment
Traumatic Brain
Injury
Visual Impairment
(including blindness)
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References
References for Autism Example:
Autism Society (2016). Facts and statistics [Web Page]. Retrieved from: http://www.autism-society.org/what-is/facts-and-statistics/
Autism Society (2015). Causes [Web Page]. Retrieved from: http://www.autism-society.org/what-is/facts-and-statistics/
National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (2011). Categories of disabilities [PDF File]. Retrieved from:
http://www.parentcenterhub.org/wp-content/uploads/repo_items/gr3.pdf
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