After reviewing this week’s chapter, prepare a 500-word synopsis of the legal, ethical, and social concepts and issues discussed in the chapter. Post this synopsis to the discussion forum by Thursday at 11:59pm.
ch01_bleg_11e_1_.pptx

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Marianne M. Jennings
BUSINESS
Its Legal, Ethical, and
Global Environment
11th Ed.
Chapter 1
Introduction to Law
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
Definition of Law
• Aristotle
– Law is reason unaffected by desire
• Holmes
– Law embodies the story of a nation’s
development through many centuries
• Blackstone
– That rule of action which is prescribed by
some superior and which the inferior is bound
to obey
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-1
Definition of Law
• Black’s Law Dictionary
– A body of rules of action or conduct
prescribed by the controlling authority,
and having legal binding force
• Rules Enacted By a Government
Authority That Govern Individuals
and Relationships in Society
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
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Classifications of Law
• Public Law
– Enacted by some authorized government
body. Example: federal securities laws
• Private Law
– Enacted by private individuals
• Example: the terms of a lease agreement
• Example: employment agreement
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
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Classifications of Law
• Criminal versus Civil Laws
– Criminal laws are wrongs against society
– Civil laws are wrongs against individuals
• Substantive versus Procedural Laws
– Substantive: Gives rights and
responsibilities
– Procedural: Means or procedures for
enforcing substantive rights
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-4
Classifications of Law
• Common Law
– Began in England in 1066 and continues today
– Non-statutory law
– Exists in court decisions
– Following case precedent, or stare decisis, “let
the decision stand”
• Statutory Law
– Passed by governmental body
– Also known as Codified Law
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
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Classifications of Law
• Law versus Equity
– In common law England, remedies were
separated into legal and equitable remedies
• Legal = money
• Equitable = injunctions, specific performance
– Remedies were separated so that courts of
chancery could give remedies when courts of
law could not
– Today all courts are authorized to award legal
or equitable remedies
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
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Purposes of Law





Keeping Order
Influencing Conduct
Honoring Expectations
Promoting Equality
Law as the Great Compromiser
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
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Characteristics of Law
• Flexibility
– Examples: the Internet has required the
courts to revisit when a contract
acceptance occurs
• Consistency
– Example: allows businesses to rely on
law for planning
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-8
Characteristics of Law
• Pervasiveness
– Example: laws covering formation,
operation and dissolution of corporations
do not unduly interfere with
management flexibility
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
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Case
• Case 1.1 Yates v. U.S. (2015)
– Statutory interpretation: Does a statute
that prohibits destruction of documents
and tangible objects cover fish?
• Consider 1.2 U.S. v. Katakis (2015)
– Statutory interpretation: Is it obstruction
if you have a program on your computer
that clears out your e-mail?
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-10
Theory of Law: Jurisprudence
• Incorporation of Theories or Values Into
Definition of Law
• Natural Law: Inviolate principles,
regardless of laws – human rights
• Holmes: “The life of the law … has been
experience”
• The Social Contract: Law reflects the
desires of society for interaction
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-11
Sources of Law
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-12
Sources of Law
• Constitutional Law
– Exists at federal and state level
• Establishes government structure
• Establishes individual rights
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-13
Sources of Law
• Statutory Law at the Federal Level
– Enactments of Congress
• United States Code. Citation = (e.g., 15
U.S.C. § 77)
– Executive orders
• Presidential orders
– Administrative agency regulations
• Code of Federal Regulations. Cite or
citation = C.F.R. (e.g., 12 C.F.R. § 226)
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-14
Sources of Law
• State Laws
– Enactments of state legislatures
• State Codes
• Cite = Nevada Revised Statutes – N.R.S.
– State administrative agency regulations
• Local Laws
– Ordinances
• County or city statutes
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-15
Sources of Law
• Private Laws
– Contracts
– Leases
– Employer regulations
• Court Decisions
– Language in statute unclear
– Court provides interpretation or
clarification of law
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-16
International Law
• Sources
– Custom (Country-by-Country)
– Treaties
• Bilateral − between two nations
• Multilateral − among three or more nations
• Geneva Convention − prisoners of war
• Vienna Convention − diplomatic relations
• Warsaw Convention − air travel
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-17
International Law
• Private Law or Party Autonomy
• International Organizations (U.N.)
• Act of State Doctrine
– Expropriation
– Confiscation or nationalization: taking of
private property by a government
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-18
International Law
• Trade Laws and Policies
– Tariffs
– Treaties, e.g., GATT, NAFTA
• Uniform International Laws
– Contracts for the International Sale of
Goods (CISG)
– Similar to Article 2 of the Uniform
Commercial Code (UCC)
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-19
International Law
• The European Union (EU)
– Group of countries in continental Europe
– Aiming for barrier-free trade; uniform
laws; ease in transaction negotiations
and execution
– Uniformity in currency, job safety,
immigration, customs, licensing, and
taxation
©2017 Cengage Learning®. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated or posted to a
publicly accessible website, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license
distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website
or school-approved learning management system for classroom use.
1-20

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