Attached are the details for this essay assignment. The thesis statement that was agreed upon is as follows: The rise of child soldiers in Somalia has been fueled by a bitter Civil War, recently the international community has put in place measures to help end this practice however clearly more needs to be done.NOTE NOTE NOTE Follow instructions keenlyThe paper is a 1000 word essay. Please make sure the paper is 1000 words You can use MLA format (make sure to in-text the works cited you used)Please look at the rubric carefullyAnd write the assignment accordingly to the rubrici need an well formatted paper and excellent work
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Statement of Topic: The child soldier crisis in Somalia and the fate of the innocent in conflict
Thesis Statement: The child soldier epidemic in Somalia is a very disturbing and very
unfortunate situation and is a problem which appears to be growing rapidly in a negative cycle.
Innocent impoverished children without much choice are easily being forced and persuaded to
become child warriors, which ultimately leads to a brutal fate. Countries around the world
continue to offer help, however, much more needs to be done if this appalling problem will ever
be solved.
Topic sentence 1: Children have little choice when becoming soldiers. They are caught
between the cross fire of the two sides fighting in a civil war which began in Somalia almost 30
years ago. Children are being heavily recruited and abducted by the militant group Al-Shabab as
well as the Somali National Army (SNA). There are several different reasons which make
children easy targets by both groups.

Poverty makes life very difficult especially when living in a combat zone. This easily
increases the probability of a child becoming a child soldier. Impoverished children
decide to join a military organization when there is a lack of basic needs as well as
limited access to education. Many children will try almost anything to put an end poverty
cycle.

Seventy percent of child soldiers have been recruited by al-Shabab. Al-Shabab has
recruited and trained children as young as age nine to be combatants. Over 50 percent of
al-Shabab members are believed to be children, according to the United Nations.

Since September 2017, Al-Shabab has ordered elders, teachers in Islamic religious
schools, and communities in rural areas to provide hundreds of children as young as 8 or
face attack. The armed group’s increasingly aggressive child recruitment campaign
started in 2017 with reprisals against communities that refused.

Child soldiers are also inherent, children become child soldiers since other family
members where too, therefore a viscous cycle continues.

Without a functioning government in Somalia to protect the community children become
easy targets. In many cases al Shabab use scare tactics and even force to demand that
schools and communities turn over children which in turn they will use for military
action.

Since there are no opportunities for education these kids are more eager to join these
combat groups. In most case, these young soldiers from ages 8-16 come from
communities where there are no schools to attend and no jobs to work and destitute
families. Every year the number of child soldiers grow as more children are recruited into
active combat. It is estimated that over 500,000 Somali children have carried a gun or
have been involved in a factional conflict at some point in their lives.
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Topic sentence 2: Child soldiers range from the tender ages of 8 to 16. Once these children
enter this dark world of combat, they are used in horrendous situations which no innocent child
should ever experience. The impact of these situations are severe and have lasting and negative
effects on the children that are forced into these brutal conditions.

Child soldiers are not only used to fight in the war. Though some children serve as
combatants, others also serve as porters, messengers, spies and cooks. Young girls are
forced to marry al-Shabab militants or recruited as sexual slaves in brothels.

The United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said that al-Shabab used
children in combat, with nine-year old’s reportedly taught to use weapons and sent to
frontlines. Children were also used to transport explosives, work as spies, carry
ammunition or perform domestic chores.

Hardships and abuse do not end when child soldiers are arrested and detained.
The special circumstances of children who were recruited and coerced into war activity
are unrecognized. Child soldiers in detention are threatened, tortured and forcibly sign
confessions.

Once reintegrated, former child soldiers have difficulty finding a job with little to no
skills or education. UNICEF and INTERSOS offer vocational training programs for
former Somali child soldiers. The program offers training in plumbing, carpentry,
electrical and tailoring. In 2016, over 900 former Somali child soldiers received these
services.

The war itself has killed and injured thousands of kids and has left many of them
homeless as well. As parents are lost in fighting, more and more children are without
families and homes. Without a functioning government to turn to for protection or a
home community for social assistance, children roam around to find things to do in order
to survive. Because there are no other means to secure a living, many orphans have
joined the recruitment of armed conflict. The militia life has become more attractive to
the children, who see a possible future of survival with their fellow soldiers.
Topic sentence 3: Leading Governments from around the world in connection with world union
security counsels such as the United Nations along with different government children missions
like UNICEF have taken active roles in trying to put an end to child exploitations in countries
like Somalia. Much still needs to be done to end this problem and far more global attention s
needed if we hope to put an end to child soldier crisis in Somalia.

Twenty years ago, the world united to condemn and take action against the use of
children in armed conflict. Since then, over 130,000 boys and girls have been released as
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a result of Action Plans mandated by the UN Security Council aimed at ending and
preventing the recruitment and use of children in conflict.
Launched in 2014, the campaign Children, Not Soldiers, is an initiative of the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, and UNICEF,
aimed to bring about a global consensus that child soldiers should not be used in conflict.
The campaign was designed to generate momentum, political will and international
support to turn the page once and for all on the recruitment of children by national
security forces in conflict situations. The campaign received immediate support from
Member States, UN, NGO partners, regional organizations and the general public. The
UN Security Council and General Assembly welcomed “Children, Not Soldiers” and
requested regular updates through the Special Representative’s reporting.
On Nov. 15, 2017, 54 UN member states came together in Vancouver at the UN
Peacekeeping Defense Ministerial and endorsed the Vancouver Principles on
Peacekeeping and the Prevention of the Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers. In
particular, the Vancouver Principles seek to support the inclusion of child protection
provisions within the peacekeeping mission mandates, the terms of peace agreements,
and post-conflict recovery and reconstruction efforts, noting the unique vulnerability and
protection needs of children, the importance of their rehabilitation and reintegration into
their communities, and the urgent need to prevent and end the recruitment and use of
child soldiers to achieve lasting and sustainable peace.
Sources 1
Whitman Shelly, The Star, https://www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/2018/11/21/childsoldier-crisis-is-not-going-away.html
Sources 2
Girskis Donald, The Borgen Project, https://borgenproject.org/10-important-facts-about-childsoldiers-in-somalia/
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