Please see the attached document regarding instructions on a healthcare question. The response does not need to be more that 200 words. Please include references.
nigeria_healthcare.docx

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Please read the following and review the video attachment. Please address the
question that is highlighted below.
Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. It is
comprised of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Nigeria is home to
approximately 380 different ethnic groups with 42 percent of the population residing in
urban areas. Like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria experienced a period of
civil unrest immediately following its independence.
Health Care System
The public health care system in Nigeria is loosely based on the British system. Shortly
after its independence, the Nigerian government began to expand health services and
the way in which it is organized: village level, district level, and local government. The
National Health Policy and Strategy to Achieve Health for All Nigerians (1988)
guaranteed primary health services to all Nigerians. The following goals were
established:







Increase health education
Promote proper nutrition
Family planning
Improve maternal and child health services
Increase immunization
Implement prevention programs and control of endemic/epidemic diseases
Accessible treatment for common diseases and injuries
The Nigerian government has not been able to implement the majority of goals outlined
in the National Health Policy of 1988 due to lack of financial resources. The government
administers the public health care system and trains medical personnel to serve in
tertiary and health clinics operating on the state level. Local governments are
responsible for the operation of health facilities within their region.
St. Monica’s Health Clinic
St. Monica’s Health Clinic is located in Yakoko, Northern Nigeria. The clinical leader of
St. Monica discusses the objectives of the clinic and the importance of the clinic within
the community. Note the emphasis on maternal child health in the video (Links to an
external site.)Links to an external site.. What are the implications of the clinic potentially
losing its funding?
Epidemiology
The leading causes of mortality in Nigeria are infectious, parasitic, and diarrheal
diseases. Although diseases such as malaria, measles, and diarrhea continue to
account for the majority of deaths, other infectious diseases, like cerebrospinal
meningitis, yellow fever, and Lassa fever, have steadily increased (Federal Ministry of
Health, 2000). Non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and
cancer have become more prevalent within the last decade. HIV/AIDS remains the
leading cause of death in Nigeria.

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