Just need the right questions for my final test for Political science the book is called the irony of democrocy 17th edition

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Final Exam (Ch. 8-14) The Irony of Democracy 17th ed.
Directions: Do not write on the exam. Please select the best answer choice for each question. Raise your hand if
you have a question. No wandering eyes, it will be considered breach of proper testing conditions, and
ALL exams will be forfeited.
Ch. 8
1. According to the text, Congressmen
a. spend most weekends in DC raising money from interests groups.
b. spend minimal time in DC and long weekends in their home district or state.
c. spend most weekends in caucus meetings in DC.
d. spend most weekends on junkets paid for by lobbyists.
2. Prior to taking office, the majority of Senators hailed from which of the following professional
a. Business
c. Law
b. Education
d. Physician or scientist
Overall, the number of African-American congressmen has ______________________.
a. increased
c. remained the same
b. decreased
d. become stagnant
4. The second largest ethnic group in America (after whites) is
a. African America.
c. Asian America.
b. Hispanic or Latino/a.
d. none of the above.
5. In recent decades, party control of the House and Senate
a. has remained stable.
b. has seen both houses change party leadership.
c. has seen the House become nearly completely republican.
d. has seen the Senate overwhelmingly controlled by the democratic party.
6. Constituent service, or casework, is a form of “retail” politics where politicians
a. hold press conferences to announce campaign plans.
b. solicit campaign funds through the mail.
c. help people on a personal level.
d. have “town hall” meetings to reach out to constituents.
A legislator’s most relevant constituents are
a. the major donors within their districts.
b. the people in their district who voted for them.
c. active and resourceful elites in their district.
d. all of the above.
8. The efforts of Senators and Representatives to bring federal money home to their districts in the form of
extra spending on various projects are called
a. beef.
c. cream.
b. pork.
d. tofu.
9. Which of the following is not an advantage incumbents have in seeking reelection?
a. Name recognition
c. A great voting record
b. Franking privilege
d. A “War Chest” with political donors
10. “Smart money” backs a winner, so most campaign donations go to
a. challengers.
c. Democrats.
b. incumbents.
d. Republicans.
11. Which of the following is seen as a benefit for enacting term limits?
a. More professional legislators
b. More competitive open-seat elections
c. Less influence by special interests
d. Lower election costs
12. Which of the following is not one of the three most powerful committees of the House of
a. Rules
c. Foreign Affairs
b. Ways and Means
d. Appropriations
13. Which of the following is not one of the three most prestigious committees of the Senate?
a. Armed Forces
c. Finance
b. Foreign Relations
d. Appropriations
14. Homestyle representation includes ___________________.
a. personal appearances in home districts
c. bringing “pork” to their district
b. using staff to focus on constituents services d. all of the above
15. Applying the Theory of Democracy, the masses should ___________________.
a. vote out all incumbents
c. re-elect the incumbents
b. insist on a balanced budget amendment
d. invoke term-limits
16. The purpose of committee hearings is to
a. influence interest groups.
b. make major decisions on policy.
c. influence public opinion.
d. hear all available information on an issue.
17. Republicans in the House of Representatives assign committee memberships through
a. the Speaker of the House.
c. seniority.
b. the Majority leader.
d. a Committee on Committees.
18. The role of committee and subcommittee chairpersons is to
a. select which bills are considered.
b. select which issues will receive public hearings.
c. establish the agenda.
d. All of the above are true.
19. Experienced legislators are more likely to vote for unpopular bills because
a. they know their constituents aren’t likely to respond.
b. will maintain party support and funding.
c. they have sufficient support amongst their colleagues.
d. they represent “safe” districts and will not lose re-election.
20. Rules Committee membership is dominated by
a. powerful campaign fundraisers.
b. senior members from noncompetitive districts.
c. party leaders’ favorites.
d. popular colleagues with party support.
21. A Senate filibuster can only be ended by
a. a quorum call.
b. a cloture vote.
c. motion for formal debate.
d. nothing, as it is final.
22. Most amendments to a bill come during the part of the legislative process known as the
a. committee meeting.
c. floor vote.
b. subcommittee meeting.
d. conference committee.
23. The role of a Conference Committee is to
a. rewrite bills to ensure passage.
b. reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill.
c. introduce legislation .
d. debate amendments to a bill.
24. Which of the following is a power of the Speaker of the House of Representatives?
a. Referring bills to committee
b. Appointing conference committees
c. Recognizing those who wish to speak on the floor
d. All of the above are powers of the Speaker.
The __________ presides over the Senate in the absence of the vice president.
a. Speaker of the House
c. president pro tempore
b. majority leader
d. majority whip
Political party whips
a. ensures congressional members are present for all votes.
b. play an important role in legislation.
c. solicit support for the leadership.
d. all of the above.
Polarization on Capitol Hill
a. has produced more conflict between political parties.
b. has brought about less bipartisan cooperation.
c. caused legislative gridlock causing fewer bills to be passed during session.
d. all of the above
The biggest divide in American politics remains
a. the size and role of the military.
b. the size and role of corporations.
c. the size and role of the budget and spending.
d. the size and role of the government.
29. This is likely the most important power that Congress can use: _______________.
a. the power to declare war
c. the power of the purse
b. the power to increase taxes
d. all of the above
Ch. 9
For the elites, the president’s function is to
a. propose policy initiatives.
b. mobilize influence within the system.
c. supervise the management of the government and the economy.
d. all of the above are true.
The president’s function for the masses is to
a. provide a vicarious means of taking political action.
b. direct legislation and control Congress.
c. protect and stabilize the nation.
d. provide economic protection to all citizens.
The presidency’s real power is
a. dependent on formal authority granted by the Constitution.
b. closely tied to its authority as commander-in-chief.
c. the power to persuade others in the political system.
d. based on the ability to control the economy.
The president presents programs to Congress through various presidential messages, including
a. the annual State of the Union.
c. Presidential addresses.
b. news conferences.
d. All of the above
Which of the following is an example of Congress’ power to constrain the president as leader of the
executive branch?
a. The power of the purse
b. The power to abolish executive department
c. The power to deny appointments
d. All of the above.
Presidents can help a bill through Congress by
a. issuing members of Congress invitations to White House events.
b. campaigning and fundraising for the Congress member.
c. helping them obtain “pork” for their districts.
d. All of the above are true.
36. When a president signs a bill into law he often includes a signing statement, which
a. explains his reasons for vetoing the bill.
b. explains his denial of congressional authority.
c. explains his understanding of the law.
d. explains his plans to pay for the law.
Since 1789, U.S. forces have participated in military actions overseas on more than 200 occasions, but
Congress declared war only _____ times.
a. 5
c. 32
b. 25
d. 47
38. In 1973, congress passed the War Powers Act to
restrict the ability of federal government to mandate a military draft.
restrict the abilities of the President to obtain funding for any conflict.
to restrict the war making powers of the President.
force the President to use economic sanctions.
What was the response of President Nixon to the War Powers Act?
a. He vetoed the Act.
b. He assured his full compliance with the Act.
c. He subsequently launched an invasion of Cambodia.
d. He sought a court challenge to the Act.
According to the text, no other vice president has ever achieved the degree of power and influence
enjoyed by
a. George H.W. Bush
c. Dick Cheney
b. Joe Biden
d. Al Gore
41. The experience of the last three presidents shows it is easier for the president to “get things done” when
a. Congress is controlled by democrats.
b. Congress is controlled by republicans.
c. Congress is controlled by the president’s party.
d. there is divided government.
Historically, _____________ of all presidential vetoes have been sustained.
a. 25 percent
c. 75 percent
b. 50 percent
d. 96 percent
Al Qaeda leader Anwar Alwaki, who was born in the United States
a. was killed by a US Navy SEAL Team in Pakistan.
b. was poisoned by the CIA in Somalia.
c. is still at-large on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan .
d. was killed in a drone attack in Yemen.
The line-item veto power for the president
a. was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
b. allowed the president to veto some provisions of the bill and accept others
c. was a power given to the president by Congress.
d. all of the above
45. The only U.S. president ever to resign from office was
a. Bill Clinton
c. Andrew Johnson
b. Lyndon B. Johnson
d. Richard Nixon
46. The Supreme Court has held that the president has “absolute immunity” from
a. lawsuits brought by states.
b. civil suits arising out of official duties.
c. Congressional investigations and hearings
d. Subpoenas from other government agencies.
The executive orders concerning ______________were repeatedly passed and then overturned when a
new president came to office.
a. closing Guantanamo Bay
c. abortion
b. stem cell research
d. healthcare
Who was the only president to maintain high approval ratings during any war or conflict?
a. John F. Kennedy
c. George W. Bush
b. Franklin D. Roosevelt
d. Harry Truman
49. The Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act
a. sets up a single payer national health care system – such as that in Canada.
b. was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
c. required states to provide government healthcare.
d. requires all individuals to purchase health insurance.
Ch. 10
50. John Marshall’s argument for judicial review included which of the following?
a. The Courts are sworn to uphold the Constitution.
b. Article III of the Constitution establishes judicial review.
c. State and local laws require federal supervision.
d. The system of checks and balances necessarily requires judicial review.
51. The Founding Fathers intentionally insulated the courts from popular majorities and elections in order to
a. avoid the tyranny of the majority.
b. have an independent judiciary.
c. allow them to judge responsibly, without political or partisan considerations.
d. All of the above are true.
President Obama has made two Supreme Court appointments, both women. They are
a. O’Conner and Ginsberg.
c. Sotomayor and Ginsberg.
b. Roberts and Thomas.
d. Sotomayor and Kagan.
53. In recent years, minority parties in the Senate have used the ____________tactic to deny confirmation of
judicial nominees.
a. Smear
c. Rules
b. Filibuster
d. cloture
54. ___________________ was the Supreme Court Chief Justice ruling in the Brown v. Board of Education
case, which integrated schools.
a. Earl Warren
b. Thurgood Marshall
c. Antonin Scalia
d. Henry Billings
55. In recent decades, when nominees to the Supreme Court are questioned at the Senate confirmation
hearing, they generally
a. state their positions on the most common political issues.
b. refuse to answer any politically charged questions. .
c. only refer to specific cases in which they have first-hand knowledge
d. are respectful but try to avoid answering specific questions.
56. Which of the following is true of federal district courts?
a. Each state has at least one.
b. There are 15 district courts.
c. Judges to the federal district courts are chosen by state legislatures.
d. They only hear cases that have already been decided by state courts.
57. Federal courts hear criminal cases that are prosecuted by the
a. National Security Agency.
b. U.S. Department of Justice.
c. Military Police.
d. All of the above.
The Supreme Court technically MUST hear writs of appeal. If four or more justices agree to hear the
case, they may issue a
a. writ of habeas corpus.
c. writ of mens rea.
b. writ of certiorari.
d. writ of actus reus.
Whether or not the Supreme Court takes on a case is determined by
a. the Constitution.
c. the Supreme Court itself.
b. the legal question presented.
d. Congress.
Judicial activism refers to the idea that
a. the courts should shape constitutional meaning to present-day needs.
b. the courts should seek areas in which to legislate.
c. the courts should use their own beliefs to reach court decisions.
d. the courts should uphold original intent of the Constitution.
Examples of crimes that have been federalized include
a. racketeering.
c. drug crimes.
b. hate crimes.
d. All of the above are true.
The Court will not formulate a rule of constitutional law broader than required by
a. the lower court.
b. the precise facts to which it must be applied.
c. Congress – the Senate in particular.
d. the state courts.
63. A complainant must have exhausted all remedies available in lower federal courts or state courts before
the Supreme Court
a. accepts review of the case.
b. can render a decision in the case.
c. overturns the decision of the Appellate court.
d. accepts the lower court’s ruling.
64. What is the effect of relying on stare decisis and the current precedent?
a. It gives stability to the law.
b. It prevents every decision from becoming new law.
c. It restrains judicial activists.
d. All of the above are true.
65. In his 2010 State of the Union address, President Obama
a. questioned the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election
b. applauded the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election
c. cited the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election Commission.
d. berated the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election
66. In June 2012, the Supreme Court ruled that the Affordable Care Act was _____________.
a. completely unconstitutional.
b. completely constitutional.
c. constitutional because it involved taxes.
d. unconstitutional due to the individual mandate.
67. President Reagan appointed ______________, the first woman on the Supreme Court.
a. Sandra Day O’Connor
c. Sonia Sotomayor
b. Ruth Bader Ginsburg
d. Elena Kagan
68. The Supreme Court decided Roe v. Wade on the notion of a Constitutional right to
a. abortion.
c. privacy.
b. due process.
d. equality.
69. The majority of criminal cases are decided by
a. a jury trial.
b. an appellate court.
c. a bench trial.
d. plea bargain.
Ch. 11
Which is not one of Max Weber’s characteristics of a bureaucracy?
a. Neutrality
c. Hierarchy
b. Specialization
d. Flexibility
The power of bureaucracies grows with
a. advances in technology.
b. increased tax revenue.
c. new presidential elections.
d. Congressional regulations.
72. Cabinet meetings are held by the president in order to
a. decide important policy questions.
b. provide the president with expert information.
c. help the president sell already-decided views.
d. examine and re-evaluate current agency regulations.
All requests for funding by executive agencies must be cleared by the
a. General Accounting Office.
c. Congress.
b. Federal Reserve.
d. Office of Management and Budget.
74. Presidential power over the bureaucracy comes from all but which of the following?
a. The power to dissolve executive agencies
b. The power to reorganize the bureaucracy
c. The authority to appoint secretaries and other top officials
d. The formal power over the budget
When choosing members of his cabinet, the president
a. chooses someone who is likely to confirmed by the Senate.
b. only chooses people who are considered experts for that position.
c. chooses whoever is recommended by the party.
d. may choose anyone he wants.
76. What is the purpose of the “ten commandments” of bureaucratic infighting?
a. Outmaneuvering elected officials
b. Securing a greater share of the budget
c. Having greater influence over policy
d. A way for bureaucratic to increase their personal power
77. The single biggest item in the budget is
a. Social Security.
b. Medicare.
c. military and defense.
d. education.
78. “Capping entitlements” is widely recognized by economists as the only way to rein in future federal
spending, but
a. there is little agreement on what those caps should be.
b. few in Washington want to take on senior citizen lobbyists.
c. many members of Congress receive campaign money from AARP.
d. all of the above are true.
79. Social Security and Medicare taxes are paid
a. by all citizens of the United States.
b. entirely by employees.
c. entirely by employers.
d. half by employees and half by employers.
The federal government finances itself primarily from
a. individual income tax and social security payroll taxes.
b. corporate taxes and social security payroll taxes.
c. estate taxes and import tariffs.
d. borrowing from foreign banks.
81. “Capital gains” or income from investments, is taxed
a. at the same rate as income from employment.
b. at a higher rate than income from pensions.
c. at a lower rate than income from employment.
d. at a lower rate than income from pensions.
Which of the following is not a component of an “iron triangle”?
a. Elected representatives
c. Interest group representatives
b. An executive agency
d. The media
“Issue networks” are
a. the connections elected representatives make with voters.
b. the connections among those who hold positions in multiple iron triangles.
c. the connections between the bureaucracy and members of Congress.
d. all of the above.
“Revolving doors” refers to
a. Washington insiders who are frequently kept out of the political process.
b. Washington insiders who set the agenda that the media cover.
c. Washington insiders who earn more than their counterparts in other cities.
d. Washington insiders who frequently change jobs.
The Ethics in Government Act limits the post-government employment of former Congress members by
not permitting them to
a. lobby any executive agencies for two years, but only on matters over which they had
previously had any responsibility.
b. lobby Congress for five years after leaving office.
c. lobby agencies or Congress for two years after leaving office.
d. lobby Congress for one year after leaving office.
86. America’s money supply is controlled by
a. the Department of the Treasury.
b. the Federal Reserve System.
c. the President.
d. Congress.
To stabilize the banking system and control the supply of money, the Federal Reserve requires all banks
to maintain a reserve
a. in currency in the amount of half of all bank loans.
b. in cash supply in each bank location.
c. in currency or in deposits with a Federal Reserve bank.
d. by buying bonds from the government.
The Federal Reserve, or the Fed, is fully independent, meaning
a. it must act in accordance with the president’s policies.
b. its decisions are reviewable by the cou …
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