1: secondnalyzing and Interpreting DataIn a 250-300 word essay, discuss the advantages and disadvantages of interpreting mixed methods data, and give examples of the possibility of bias affecting the results in this process.Use at least one scholarly or peer-reviewed source to support your personal observations or opinions. Your essay should strictly follow APA formatting, citation, and style guidelines.2: PREVIOUS ASSIGNMENT ATTACHED TO REFER TO….PLEASE USE THE SAME TERROIST GROUP IN THE PREVIOIS ASSIGNMENT Understanding TerrorismPaper Three Criteria – Due Week SixYou now have the following: Paper One: Description and History of your selected group/individualPaper Two: Goals, Targets, Tactics and a Description of their Organizational Structure and Finanacing=======================================For Paper Three, you are going to continue your research into your selected Group/Individual. For this, you will need the concepts discussed in Chapters 10-12 of the Nacos Text:Chapter 10: Post 9/11 StrategyChapter 11: Hard Power vs Soft PowerChapter 12: Balancing Security with Individual RightsSelect TWO more articles on your selected group/individual (from Papers One and Two) and read them thoroughly. Use the Grantham Library and EBSCO to assist. Stick to Journals and avoid relying on the Washington Post and NY Times. In a well-written paper, describe the U.S. and/or Law Enforcement strategy used to combat/defend/defeat the group/individual that you have selected.Was this prior to 9/11? If so, was it effective? Post 9/11? If so, is it effective?Describe how this is Hard or Soft power or if it is a combination of the two?How have the security measures taken impacted individual American freedoms? Conclude on the overall effectiveness of the strategy to defeat/defend-against your selected terrorist organization.Your submission will be a minimum of 2 pages and not to exceed 4 pages, excluding the Title Page and Reference Page. You will use APA Standard Format (1″ Margins, Times New Roman, 12-point Font, and Double Spacing. No extra space between paragraphs). There will now be at least SEVEN (three from Paper One, two for Paper Two, two for Paper Three) scholarly references in addition to the Textbook (that means at least EIGHT references total).
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Running Head: TERRORISM
Foreign Terrorist Organizations are defined as the foreign organizations chosen by
the Secretary of State complying with section 219 of the Nationality Act along with
Immigration as modified. A foreign Terrorist Organizations designation has the main duty
in our fight towards terrorism. Foreign Terrorist Organizations are very effective way to
limit the terrorist support their activities as well as pressuring groups towards getting out of
the terrorism business.
Formation and history of
The group I choose is Al-Qaeda (AQ).Al-Qaeda refers to an international terrorist
network that is created in the late 1980s by Osama bin Laden . Al-Qaeda pursues to
free Muslim nations Western influence along with substituting their governments with
fundamentalist Islamic regimes. After the al-Qaeda’s attacks on September 11, 2001,
the United States hurled in Afghanistan a war for destroying al-Qaeda’s bases. AlQaeda is the most terrorist threat to the United States. Al-Qaeda is wanted for its attack
on September 11, 2001, on the World Trade Center and the host of lesser attacks
The U.S. intelligence agencies realize in July 2007 that the al-Qaeda was
regrouping along with gaining back its strength in these tribal areas and border with
Afghanistan targeting to kill the senior of al-Qaeda leaders (Williams, 2002). When the
top leader of al-Qaeda’s known as Osama bin Laden was killed by the U.S. forces in
May 2011 in Pakistan, it served as an important blow to the group.
Most notable al-Qaeda attacks
The organization targeted western interests; American, Jewish targets along with
governments of Muslims are seemed to be corrupt. One of al-Qaeda attacks was Abqaiq
petroleum attack in Saudi Arabia that happened on 2006 February. The second attack is
the bombing of a Detroit-bound Northwest Airlines flight that was attempted in 2009
December. The third al-Qaeda attack is London public transportation system bombings
in 2005 July. The fourth attack is in December 2007 where former prime minister of
Pakistan was killed by a bomber. The al-Qaeda fifth attack was a car bomb in year
2002 November at Kenya in Mombasa and a missed attempt shooting down Israeli
jetliner with shoulder-fired missiles (Moghadam, 2008).
Another al-Qaeda attack was a bomb attack on 2004 March on Madrid
commuter trains killing 200 persons and 1,800 were left injured. Another bombing
attack happen in 2002 at several springs Pakistan. Another al-Qaeda attack happened in
2002 October on a French tanker off the coast of Yemen. There was an explosion on
2002 April in Tunisia of a fuel tanker outside a synagogue. There was another car bomb
attack on May 2003 on residential compounds in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Another al-Qaeda attack was U.S.S. Cole bombing in October 2000.there was
another attack on four U.S. airplanes where one of the airplanes crashed into the
Pentagon and other 3 in into the World Trade Center. Another attack was bombing
attacks on U.S. embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania along with Nairobi, Ken ya
(Moghadam, 2008). Al-Qaeda is suspected of carrying out suicide and bombing attacks
in 2007 December in Algiers. Also in al-Qaeda was responsible in World Trade Center
bombing in 1993.
How al-Qaeda meets the textbook criteria for terrorism
Terrorism is defined as the organized employ of violence in establishing a common
climate of fear in a population and bringing about a specific political objective (Wilkinson,
2013). Political organizations practice terrorism with rightist along with leftist goals, by
both religious groups and nationalistic, by revolutionaries and also by state institutions like
police, armies along with intelligence services. The al-Qaeda has met the textbook criteria
The group has used violence in establishing a regular climate of fear worldwide and
bringing specific political goal
Al-Qaeda remains to be international threat. Al-Qaeda attacks are expected to
increase in 2018 due to Islamic State’s physical stronghold destruction in
both Iraq and Syria and its will to strike out overseas.
Atwan, A. B. (2008). The secret history of al Qaeda. Univ of California Press.
Hoffman, B. (2003). Al Qaeda, trends in terrorism, and future potentialities: An
in Conflict & Terrorism, 26(6), 429-442.
Moghadam, A. (2008). The globalization of martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the
suicide attacks. JHU Press.
Wilkinson, P. (2013). Terrorism and the liberal state. Halsted.
Williams, P. L. (2002). Al Qaeda: Brotherhood of Terror. Alpha Books.
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