500 words each for each assignment with references.1) What, if anything, do the current conflicts between Russia and Ukraine, and among the Shi’a and Sunnis in Iraq and Syria, say about the utility of Huntington’s thesis about the clash of civilizations?Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72.3:22-49. http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://web.a.ebs…Kenny, Charles. 2013. “The Convergence of Civilizations.” Foreign Policy. http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://web.a.ebs…Bilgrami, Akeel. 2003. “The Clash Within Civilizations.” Daedalus 132:88-93. http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.pr…Ayoob, Mohammed. 2012. “Was Huntington Right? Revisiting the Clash of Civilizations.” Insight Turkey 14.4: 1- 11 http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.pr…2) Questions are often raised about the effectiveness of the United Nations in conflict resolution and peace operations. To what extent has the UN been successful in mitigating or preventing conflict? Under what conditions are peace operations likely to be successful?Doyle, Michael and Nicholas Sambanis. 2000. “International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis.” American Political Science Review 94(4): 779-801.http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy2.apus.edu/stable/pdf/…ORhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2586208Shannon, Megan, Daniel Morey, and Frederick J. Boehmke. 2010. “The Influence of International Organizations on Militarized Dispute Initiation and Duration. International Studies Quarterly 54(5): 1123-1141.http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.eb…Tharoor, Shashi. 2011. “Security Council Reform: Past, Present, and Future.” Ethics and International Affairs 25(4): 397-406.http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/docvi…